Skip to main content

Table 2 Characteristics of the study population by commuting physical activity (n = 2 098)*

From: The contribution of travel-related urban zones, cycling and pedestrian networks and green space to commuting physical activity among adults – a cross-sectional population-based study using geographical information systems

  Commuting physical activity
  n Inactive (n = 1234) Active (n = 855) p-value
Age groups   % % <0.05
 30–44 783 61 39  
 45–54 727 62 38  
 55–64 579 54 46  
Gender     <0.001
 Men 955 66 34  
 Women 1134 53 47  
Education     <0.01
 Low 197 58 42  
 Middle 752 65 35  
 High 1140 56 44  
Leisure-time physical activity     <0.001
 reading, watching TV, and other minor activities 535 71 29  
 walking and cycling more than 4 h per week 1023 53 47  
 exercise at least 3 h per week 486 59 41  
 practice competitive sports several times per week 45 55 45  
Occupational physical activity     0.05
 physically active job 1064 62 38  
 physically inactive job 949 57 43  
Proportion of green spacea (%)     <0.001
 0 1234 65 35  
 1–24.9 291 44 56  
 25–49.9 510 54 46  
 50+ 54 66 33  
Distance to green spaceb (in metres)     <0.05
 0–199 924 61 38  
 200+ 1165 55 45  
Travel-related urban zonesc     <0.001
 car-oriented zone 1065 64 35  
 public transport zone 577 53 47  
 pedestrian zone 130 45 55  
 pedestrian zone of a sub centre 317 34 66  
Proportion (%) cycling and pedestrian networksd     <0.001
 No cycling or pedestrian networks 1236 65 35  
 Other roads that allow cycling and walking 71 73 27  
 Cycling and pedestrian lanes <30 % 235 53 47  
 Cycling and pedestrian lanes 30–50 % 347 51 49  
 Cycling and pedestrian lanes >50 % 200 43 57  
  1. * ‘Active’ include those who engage physical activity while commuting; while ‘inactive’ include those who use public transport or car to commute
  2. a: Proportion of green space (min 1.5 ha) around 500-metre buffer from home location, Corine Land Cover 2006
  3. b: Euclidean distance (in metres) to the closest green space (min 1.5 ha), Corine Land Cover 2006
  4. c: The main travel-related urban zone around 500-metre buffer from home location, Travel-related urban zones 2010
  5. d: Proportion of cycling and pedestrian lanes from all roads around 500-metre buffer from home location, Digiroad 2014
  6. Distribution of the examined variable (n), survey prevalence (%) and Pearson p-value from group differences in commuting physical activity (p-value)