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Table 1 Overview of measurement tools, and timing of measurements

From: Balanced: a randomised trial examining the efficacy of two self-monitoring methods for an app-based multi-behaviour intervention to improve physical activity, sitting and sleep in adults

 Outcome Measure Assessment point (Visit)
Primary Outcomes   
 Objectively Measured Physical Activity, Sedentary Behaviour, Sleepa Geneactiv Accelerometer 2, 4, 6, 8
Secondary Outcomes   
 Self-Reported Physical Activity, Sitting Time, Sleep Quality, Sleep Timing Active Australia Survey [6668] 2, 4, 6, 8
  Workforce Sitting Questionnaire [69] 2, 4, 6, 8
  Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index [70] 2, 4, 6, 8
  Sleep Timing Questionnaire [72] 2, 4, 6, 8
  Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance Sleep Module [71] 2, 4, 6, 8
Depression, Anxiety and Stress Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale [73, 74] 2, 4, 6, 8
Health related quality of life Centres for Disease Control Healthy Days Instrument [7880]. 2, 8
Mediators   
Lifestyle Behaviour Habit Automaticity subscale of self-report behavioural automaticity index (Physical Activity) [81] 2, 4, 6, 8
  Automaticity subscale of self-report behavioural automaticity index (Sitting) [81] 2, 4, 6, 8
  Automaticity subscale of self-report behavioural automaticity index (Sleep) [81] 2, 4, 6, 8
 Sleep Hygiene Sleep Hygiene Index [82] 2, 4, 6, 8
Social Cognitive Factors Social Cognitive Factors (Physical Activity) 2, 4, 6, 8
  Social Cognitive Factors (Sitting) 2, 4, 6, 8
  Social Cognitive Factors (Sleep) 2, 4, 6, 8
Usability, Satisfaction System Usability Scale [84] 8
  Satisfaction. Newly developed items 8
 Process Evaluation Semi-Structured Interview 8
 Engagement and Usage App database Continuous
 Demographics Commonly used items 2
 Presenteeism World Health Organization Health and Work Performance Questionnaire [85, 86] 2, 8
 Anthropometrics and Blood Pressure Standard Protocols for Height, Weight, Waist Circumference, Blood Pressure [87] 2, 4, 6, 8
 Cardiometabolic Risk Cardiochek PA measures of total cholesterol, HDL cholesterol, LDL cholesterol, triglycerides and glucose 2, 8
  1. aThe Geneactiv is provided to participants to begin wearing at visit 1, 3, 5, and 7 respectively