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Table 3 Depressive symptoms, social support, and resilience in the groups with and without regular physical exercise

From: Association between regular physical exercise and depressive symptoms mediated through social support and resilience in Japanese company workers: a cross-sectional study

  Regular physical exercise   
  Yes   No    
  n = 83(11.9 %) n = 632(83.2 %)   
  Mean (SD) Mean (SD) Fa pa
CES-D 9.2 (7.4) 10.4 (7.6) 2.90 0.09
SSQ(Number) 4.4 (2.5) 3.8 (2.3) 4.82 0.03*
SSQ(Satisfaction) 5.0 (0.8) 4.7 (1.0) 6.68 0.01*
RS-14 66.5 (12.8) 63.7 (10.1) 6.08 0.01*
  1. CES-D center for epidemiologic studies depression, RS-14 14-item Resilience Scale, SSQ social support questionnaire, SD standard deviation
  2. aAdjusted for age, sex, marital status, educational attainment, and job status
  3. * p < 0.05