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Table 1 Cohort characteristics

From: Factors associated with performing tuberculosis screening of HIV-positive patients in Ghana: LASSO-based predictor selection in a large public health data set

Variable HIV-positive patients with TB screening HIV-positive patients without TB screening p-value
n = 690 (63.19 %) n = 402 (36.81 %)
Gender, n (%)    0.070
 Female 516 (74.78) 320 (79.60)  
 Male 174 (25.22) 82 (20.40)  
Age in years, mean (± SD) 40.2 (9.71) 39.8 (9.09) 0.498
Receiving HAART, n (%)    <0.001
 Yes 291 (42.17) 239 (59.45)  
 No 399 (57.83) 163 (40.55)  
Years since diagnosis, mean (± SD) 2.04 (2.72) 3.05 (2.73) <0.001
Religion, n (%)    0.751
 Christian 590 (85.51) 345 (85.82)  
 Moslem 87 (12.61) 50 (12.44)  
 Traditional African religion 2 (0.18) 0 (0)  
 Other 11 (1.59) 7 (1.74)  
Educational level, n (%)    0.056
 No formal education 130 (18.84) 82 (20.4)  
 Primary education 97 (14.06) 82 (20.4)  
 Junior High School 321 (46.52) 168 (41.79)  
 Senior High School 103 (14.93) 52 (12.94)  
 Tertiary education 39 (5.65) 18 (4.48)  
Occupation, n (%)    0.468
 Housewife 14 (2.03) 4 (1.0)  
 Farmer 58 (8.41) 30 (7.46)  
 Trader 347 (50.29) 225 (55.97)  
 Salary worker 44 (6.38) 21 (5.22)  
 Others 141 (20.43) 75 (18.66)  
 Currently unemployed 86 (12.46) 47 (11.69)  
Access to tap water, n (%)    0.647
 Yes 366 (53.04) 219 (54.48)  
 No 324 (46.96) 183 (45.52)  
Electricity in the household, n (%)    0.676
 Yes 639 (92.61) 375 (93.28)  
 No 51 (7.39) 27 (6.27)  
Television in the household, n (%)    0.872
 Yes 562 (81.45) 329 (81.84)  
 No 128 (18.55) 73 (18.16)  
Owning a fridge, n (%)    0.484
 Yes 491 (71.16) 278 (69.15)  
 No 199 (28.84) 124 (30.85)  
Owning a car, n (%)    0.062
 Yes 54 (7.83) 45 (11.19)  
 No 636 (92.17) 357 (88.18)  
Using a mosquito bed net, n (%)    <0.001
 Yes 421 (61.01) 192 (47.76)  
 No 268 (38.84) 209 (51.99)  
  1. HAART highly active antiretroviral therapy, TB Tuberculosis, Without TB screening Screening not done/not documented, p was determined by chi-square test or two-group mean-comparison t-test as appropriate