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Table 10 Urge to smoke summary and statistical comparisons within use groups

From: Reductions in biomarkers of exposure, impacts on smoking urge and assessment of product use and tolerability in adult smokers following partial or complete substitution of cigarettes with electronic cigarettes

  Exclusive Use Dual Use Nicotine cessation
Tobacco flavor rechargeable Cherry flavor rechargeable Cherry flavor disposable Tobacco flavor rechargeable Cherry flavor rechargeable Cherry flavor disposable
Day −1 Morning 71.4 ± 15.5 66.1 ± 24.8 58.3 ± 19.1 58.7 ± 27.3 61.1 ± 22.8 59.6 ± 23.0 58.5 ± 15.8
Evening 33.6 ± 25.0 39.0 ± 25.1 44.3 ± 26.1 48.5 ± 29.4 32.2 ± 29.4 33.3 ± 25.5 35.6 ± 20.8
Day 5 Morning 73.9 ± 26.4 54.7 ± 39.7 66.6 ± 29.2 63.1 ± 25.9 65.5 ± 29.7 67.4 ± 25.0 65.1 ± 30.7
Evening 61.1 ± 33.4 43.8 ± 35.4 52.7 ± 35.4 50.5 ± 28.9 35.1 ± 25.0 37.4 ± 27.5 66.0 ± 30.0
Day −1 Evening Change from Morning Urge to Smoke
 N 15 15 15 15 15 15 15
 Mean ± SD −37.8 ± 27.6 −27.1 ± 19.0 −14.1 ± 22.95 −10.2 ± 24.18 −28.9 ± 38.0 −26.3 ± 30.81 −22.9 ± 21.7
p-value 0.0001 <0.0001 0.0325 0.1247 0.0106 0.0052 0.0011
 % change (median) −53.2 −39.3 −17.9 −17.9 −58.3 −61.4 −48.6
Day 5 Evening Change from Morning Urge to Smoke
 N 15 15 15 15 15 14 13
 Mean ± SD −12.9 ± 30.3 −10.9 ± 24.4 −13.9 ± 23.3 −12.7 ± 27.8 −30.4 ± 30.8 −29.9 ± 28.0 2.5 ± 11.5
p-value 0.1227 0.1068 0.0367 0.0994 0.0019 0.0015 0.4563
 % change (median) −11.8 −1.0 −5.6 −26.1 −36.5 −44.3 1.2
  1. Measured by Visual Analogue Scale
  2. % change presented as medians due to outlier values that skew the means
  3. p-values indicate statistically significant