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Table 5 Exposure to Adversity and Trauma & Criminal Justice

From: The Building Wealth and Health Network: methods and baseline characteristics from a randomized controlled trial for families with young children participating in temporary assistance for needy families (TANF)

Adult’s adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) Number Percent
 0 ACE 15 14.6
 1-3 ACEs 48 46.6
  ≥ 4 ACEs 40 38.8
Individual adverse childhood experience
 Emotional Abuse 38 36.9
 Physical Abuse 28 27.2
 Sexual Abuse 18 17.5
 Emotional Neglect 37 35.9
 Physical Neglect 18 17.5
 Parents Separated/Divorced 73 70.9
 Mother Abused 22 21.4
 Household Substance Abuse 44 42.7
 Household Mental Illness 20 19.4
 Household Incarceration 32 31.1
Survey of Exposure to Community Violence
Exposure to Violence Number Percent
 Ever been picked-up, arrested, or taken away by the police 45 43.7
 Ever been threatened with serious physical harm by someone 43 41.7
 Ever been slapped, punched, or hit by someone 62 60.2
 Ever been beaten up or mugged 31 30.1
 Ever been attacked or stabbed with a knife 18 17.5
 Ever been shot with a gun 7 6.8
Witnessing of violence
 Ever saw someone else getting beaten 61 60.4
 Ever heard the sound of gunfire near home 88 86.3
 Ever saw a seriously wounded person after an incident of violence 66 64.7
 Ever saw someone else being attacked or stabbed with a knife 38 36.9
 Ever saw someone else get shot with a gun 52 51.0
 Ever saw a dead person somewhere in the community (besides wakes and funerals) 49 48.0
 Ever saw someone being killed by another person 28 27.2
 Ever heard about someone being killed by another person 82 80.4
Interaction with Criminal Justice System Number Percent
 Did you ever spend time in a youth correctional institution like a training school or reform school? 15 14.6
  Mean SD
If “yes” to above: Altogether, how much time did you spend there? 2.2 1.0
  Number Percent
 Did you ever spend time in an adult correctional institution like a county, state or federal jail or prison? 15 14.6
  Mean SD
If “yes” to above: Altogether, how much time did you serve in this adult institution? 1.3 0.05
  Number Percent
 Did the father of your child spend any time in jail or prison? 50 48.5
 Did the mother of your child spend any time in jail or prison? 1 1.0