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Table 4 Hardship and Health

From: The Building Wealth and Health Network: methods and baseline characteristics from a randomized controlled trial for families with young children participating in temporary assistance for needy families (TANF)

Hardship Number Percent
Food security status
 Food secure 45 43.7
 Low food secure 25 24.3
 Very low food secure 33 32.0
Housing security
 Housing secure 36 35.0
 Housing Insecure 67 65.0
Energy security
 Energy or moderate energy secure 71 68.9
 Severe energy insecure 32 31.1
Physical and Mental Health
Caregiver’s Health Number Percent
Adult self-rated health
 Excellent or good 68 66.0
 Fair or poor 35 34.0
Adult self-report depression (CES-D)
 Depression 59 57.3
 No depression 44 42.7
Child’s Health
Adult-rated child’s health
 Excellent or good 81 78.6
 Fair or poor 22 21.3
Parents' Evaluation of Developmental Status
 No significant developmental concern 71 70.3
 One significant developmental concern 16 15.8
 More than one significant developmental concern 11 10.9