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Table 2 Baseline Characteristics of the Participants of Building Wealth and Health Network Randomized Controlled Trial

From: The Building Wealth and Health Network: methods and baseline characteristics from a randomized controlled trial for families with young children participating in temporary assistance for needy families (TANF)

   Group Assignment  
Total Control Group Partial Intervention Full Intervention Significance
N = 103 N = 31 N = 35 N = 37
Mean SD Mean SD Mean SD Mean SD p-value
Child’s age (months) Missing = 8 30.4 18.7 30.9 16.0 29.1 17.8 31.3 21.5 0.80a
Caregiver’s age (years) 25.4 5.2 26.4 4.3 24.6 5.6 25.3 5.5 0.07a
  N % N % N % N % N
Caregiver’s gender          0.65b
 Male 6 5.83 1 3.2 3 8.6 2 5.4  
 Female 97 94.2 30 96.8 32 91.4 35 94.6  
Immigration status          0.64b
 US born 101 98.1 36 97.3 34 97.1 31 100.0  
 Foreign born 2 1.94 1 2.7 1 2.9 0   
Race/Ethnicity          0.11b
 Hispanic 5 4.9 3 9.7 1 2.9 1 2.7  
 Black non Hispanic 91 88.4 25 80.7 30 85.7 36 97.3  
 White non Hispanic 2 1.9 0   2 5.7 0   
 Other 5 4.9 3 9.7 2 5.7 0   
Sexual orientation          0.52b
 Heterosexual or straight 86 83.5 24 77.4 29 82.9 33 89.2  
 Gay or lesbian 3 2.9 1 3.2 2 5.7 0   
 Bisexual 14 13.6 6 19.4 4 11.4 4 10.8  
Marital status          0.73b
 Married 1 1.0 0   0   1 2.7  
 Separated 4 3.9 0   2 5.7 2 5.4  
 Never married 86 83.5 27 87.1 28 80.0 31 83.8  
 Living with partner 12 11.7 4 12.9 5 14.3 3 8.1  
Education          0.82b
 Some high school or grade school 30 29.1 7 22.6 11 31.4 12 32.4  
 High school graduate or GED 35 34.0 11 35.5 14 40.0 10 27.0  
 Technical school or some college and above 38 36.9 13 41.9 10 28.6 15 40.5  
Employment          0.47b
 Unemployed 97 94.2 36 97.3 33 94.3 28 0.3  
 Employed 6 5.8 1 2.7 2 5.7 3 9.7  
Banking          0.43▲
 Have an open bank account 35 34.0 13 41.9 12 34.3 10 27.0  
 Do not have an open bank account 68 66.0 18 58.1 23 65.7 27 73.0  
  1. atested by Wilcoxon-Mann–Whitney test
  2. btested by Fisher’s Exact test
  3. ▲tested by Chi-square test