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Table 1 Socio-cultural characteristics of the sample

From: Do socio-cultural factors influence medical students’ health status and health-promoting behaviors? A cross-sectional multicenter study in Germany and Hungary

Parameters Statistics Total sample (N = 2935) German students (N = 1289) Hungarian students (N = 1057) Norwegian students (N = 144) Test on differences
Age Mean ± SD 22.5 ± 3.3 22.9 ± 3.6 21.6 ± 3.6 23.9 ± 2.7 Multiple two sample t-test (Bonferroni adjusted): p ≤ 0.001
Gender: female N (%) 1797 (61.2) 784 (61.0) 674 (63.9) 94 (63.9) Pearson's chi2 test: p ≥ 0.05
Academic year: N (%)      Pearson's chi2-test: p ≤ 0.001
 First   1260 (42.9) 626 (48.3) 437 (41.3) 31 (20.9)
 Third   891 (30.4) 371 (28.6) 306 (28.9) 65 (43.9)
 Fifth   667 (22.7) 264 (20.4) 270 (25.5) 42 (28.4)
Living situation: alone N (%) 896 (30.5) 462 (35.8) 135 (12.8) 78 (53.1) Pearson's chi2-test: p ≤ 0.001
Financial situation: N (%)      Pearson's chi2-test: p ≤ 0.01
 No/hardly any problems   2070 (70.5) 937 (73.6) 716 (69.2) 122 (84.1)
 Sometimes problems   580 (19.8) 716 (19.5) 225 (21.8) 16 (11.0)
 Often/daily problems   219 (7.5) 88 (6.9) 93 (9.0) 7 (4.8)
Religiousness: N (%)      Pearson's chi2-test: p ≤ 0.001
 Not at all/not very religious   1543 (52.6) 760 (59.7) 442 (43.9) 114 (77.6)
 Moderate religious   967 (32.9) 399 (31.3) 415 (41.3) 26 (17.7)
 Very religious   328 (11.2) 114 (9.0) 149 (14.8) 7 (4.8)