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Table 2 Participants’ sociodemographic characteristics by smoking status

From: Current and past smoking patterns in a Central European urban population: a cross-sectional study in a high-burden country

Variable, N (%) Total number Never smoking Current smoking Past smoking P* Quit ratio
Gender      <0.001  
 Male 976 440 (45.2) 230 (23.5) 306 (31.3)   57.1
 Female 1178 661 (56.3) 242 (20.5) 275 (23.2)   53.2
Age, years      <0.001  
 25–34 347 188 (54.2) 78 (22.5) 81 (23.3)   50.9
 35–44 536 312 (58.2) 105 (19.6) 119 (22.2)   53.1
 45–54 567 290 (51.2) 127 (22.4) 150 (26.4)   54.2
 55–64 704 311 (44.2) 162 (23.0) 231 (32.8)   58.8
Marital status      <0.001  
 Single 408 223 (54.7) 103 (25.2) 82 (20.1)   44.3
 Married 1333 695 (52.1) 254 (19.1) 384 (28.8)   60.2
 Divorced 339 142 (41.9) 97 (28.6) 100 (29.5)   50.8
 Widowed 67 36 (53.7) 18 (26.9) 13 (19.4)   41.9
Education      <0.001  
 Primary 427 145 (34.0) 145 (34.0) 137 (32.0)   48.6
 Secondary 889 418 (47.0) 215 (24.2) 256 (28.8)   54.4
 Higher 836 536 (64.1) 112 (13.4) 188 (22.5)   62.7
Household income, CZK      0.001  
 Low (<30 000) 877 415 (47.3) 224 (25.5) 238 (27.2)   51.5
 Middle (30 000–45 000) 632 319 (50.5) 128 (20.2) 185 (29.3)   59.1
 High (45 000+) 513 293 (57.1) 91 (17.7) 129 (25.2)   58.6
Occupation      0.036  
 Manager/self-employed 692 348 (50.3) 139 (20.1) 205 (29.6)   59.6
 Skilled/professional 1234 641 (51.9) 274 (22.2) 319 (25.9)   53.8
 Non-skilled/junior 141 75 (53.2) 29 (20.6) 37 (26.2)   56.1
 Unemployed 77 31 (40.2) 28 (36.4) 18 (23.4)   39.1
Employment type      0.317  
 Full-time 1559 802 (51.4) 343 (22.0) 414 (26.6)   54.7
 Part time or disability 172 92 (53.5) 38 (22.1) 42 (24.4)   52.5
 Retired 331 168 (50.8) 60 (18.1) 103 (31.1)   63.2
Household size, persons      0.001  
 Small (1–2) 1094 514 (47.0) 268 (24.5) 312 (28.5)   53.8
 Medium (3–4) 950 519 (54.6) 185 (10.5) 246 (25.9)   57.1
 Large (5–6) 108 67 (62.0) 18 (16.7) 23 (21.3)   56.1
  1. P*: p-value, Pearson chi-square test