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Table 4 Characteristics of sexual behaviour for HIV-infected and HIV-uninfected women (n = 435)

From: Sexual behaviour of women in rural South Africa: a descriptive study

Characteristic HIV-infected (n = 178) HIV-uninfected (n = 257) p-value
General characteristics
 Ethnicity (Sotho vs. Shangaan) 90 (51)/88 (49) 136 (53)/121 (47) 0.63
 Age 34 (20–49) 28 (18–49) <0.001
 Hormonal contraceptives 50 (28) 116 (45) <0.001
 Intravaginal cleansing 42 (24) 73 (28) 0.29
 Visits bars 20 (11) 36 (14) 0.41
 Alcohol use [before sex intercourse] 15 (8.6) 26 (10) 0.58
 Lifetime number of sexual partners 4 (1–30) 3 (1–15) <0.001
Sexual practice in past 6 months
 Currently has a steady partner 167 (95) 243 (95) 0.99
 Currently has occasional partner(s) 24 (14) 25 (9.8) 0.21
 Condom use during last sex act 91 (51) 68 (27) <0.001
 Practices fellatio 16 (9.5) 46 (19) 0.010
 Receptive anal intercourse 6 (3.6) 15 (6.1) 0.26
Sexual contact in past 12 months
 Concurrent sexual partners 33 (19) 33 (13) 0.095
 Sexual partner > 10 years older 42 (24) 68 (27) 0.59
 Sex with multiple partners 3 (1.7) 6 (2.3) 0.74
 Experienced coercion 42 (24) 76 (30) 0.18
 Experienced force 4 (2.3) 7 (2.7) 1.0
 Sex for money or material benefits 4 (2.3) 7 (2.7) 1.0
 Commercial sex work 1 (0.6) 1 (0.4) 1.0
About steady sexual partner (n = 538)
 Knows that partner has concurrent partners 46 (28) 55 (23) 0.26
 Circumcised partner 132 (82) 225 (94) <0.001
 Knows partner’s HIV-status 67 (40) 85 (35) 0.30
 Known HIV-infected partner 55 (33) 2 (0.8) <0.001
  1. Data are provided as numbers (%) and median (range). HIV, Human Immunodeficiency Virus