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Table 3 Total Physical Activity Environment and Policy Assessment Observation (PA-EPAO) scores and sub-scales by all centers combined (n = 20) and by high (n = 10) and low (n = 10) scoring centers at baseline

From: Active Early: one-year policy intervention to increase physical activity among early care and education programs in Wisconsin

EPAO component Baseline 6-month 12-month Difference score p-value*
Total PA-EPAO 10.8 ± 1.9 15.5 ± 2.8 17.8 ± 2.0 7.0 ± 2.1 <0.01
 High scoring centers 12.3 ± 0.9 16.4 ± 2.0 18.5 ± 0.8 6.2 ± 1.4 0.76
 Low scoring centers 9.3 ± 1.3 14.5 ± 3.2 17.0 ± 2.6 7.7 ± 2.5
PA sub-scales:      
Active opportunities 13.9 ± 3.3 17.2 ± 4.2 17.8 ± 3.5 3.9 ± 5.3 <0.01
 High scoring centers 14.3 ± 3.9 18.7 ± 2.3 18.7 ± 2.3 4.4 ± 5.2 0.37
 Low scoring centers 13.4 ± 2.9 15.8 ± 5.3 17.0 ± 4.3 3.4 ± 5.7
Sedentary opportunities 10.5 ± 3.3 13.6 ± 3.4 18.7 ± 3.5 8.21 ± 3.5 <0.01
 High scoring centers 10.9 ± 3.2 13.3 ± 0.0 19.3 ± 2.1 8.4 ± 2.8 0.18
 Low scoring centers 9.9 ± 3.5 13.9 ± 4.9 18.0 ± 4.5 8.1 ± 3.5
Sedentary environment 10.3 ± 5.9 14.3 ± 5.4 14.9 ± 4.8 4.7 ± 7.2 <0.01
 High scoring centers 13.9 ± 3.8 15.9 ± 4.7 14.7 ± 5.3 0.7 ± 6.6 <0.01
 Low scoring centers 6.6 ± 5.4 12.6 ± 5.8 15.3 ± 4.5 8.7 ± 5.5
Portable play equipment 16.7 ± 3.3 18.3 ± 2.9 19.7 ± 1.3 3.0 ± 3.3 <0.01
 High scoring centers 18.6 ± 2.4 18.9 ± 2.8 20.0 ± 0.0 1.4 ± 2.4 0.46
 Low scoring centers 14.8 ± 2.9 17.7 ± 2.9 19.4 ± 1.8 4.6 ± 3.4
Fixed play equipment 14.7 ± 4.1 17.9 ± 3.0 18.5 ± 2.2 3.8 ± 3.5 <0.001
 High scoring centers 15.9 ± 3.5 18.1 ± 3.1 18.7 ± 1.7 2.7 ± 3.3 0.55
 Low scoring centers 13.4 ± 4.4 17.8 ± 3.0 18.3 ± 2.6 4.8 ± 3.7
Staff behaviors 16.0 ± 3.9 18.0 ± 4.4 19.4 ± 1.9 3.4 ± 3.7 <0.01
 High scoring centers 17.6 ± 2.8 19.2 ± 1.7 20.0 ± 0.0 2.4 ± 4.4 0.33
 Low scoring centers 14.4 ± 4.3 16.8 ± 5.9 18.8 ± 2.7 4.4 ± 4.4
PA training & education 2.4 ± 3.8 14.6 ± 5.8 14.5 ± 6.5 12.2 ± 6.4 <0.01
 High scoring centers 3.2 ± 4.7 16.3 ± 5.4 17.5 ± 3.5 14.3 ± 6.2 0.08
 Low scoring centers 1.5 ± 2.4 13.0 ± 5.9 11.5 ± 7.5 10.0 ± 6.2
PA policy 2.0 ± 4.1 9.6 ± 8.2 18.6 ± 4.6 16.6 ± 5.7 <0.01
 High scoring centers 4.0 ± 5.2 11.0 ± 7.5 19.2 ± 1.9 15.2 ± 4.8 <0.71
 Low scoring centers 0.0 ± 0.0 8.2 ± 9.0 18.0 ± 6.3 18.0 ± 6.3
  1. Data represent the mean ± standard deviation for each score. Significance was set at 0.05. PA-EPAO physical activity environment and policy assessment observation, PA physical activity
  2. *p-values for each PA-EPAO sub-category (listed in bold) represent significant test for differences between baseline and 12-months calculated by t-test; p-values associated with high- (PA-EPAO ≥ 11.2) and low- (PA-EPAO < 11.2) scoring centers at baseline under each sub-category represent test of mean differences between those two groups by general linear modeling using Tukey’s adjustment for multiple comparisons