Skip to main content

Table 5 Predictors of treatment outcome in Children with TB

From: Treatment outcomes of childhood tuberculosis in Addis Ababa: a five-year retrospective analysis

Characteristics Treatment outcome Univariate analysis Multivariate analysis
Successful No (%) Unfavorable No (%) COR (95 % CI) P value AOR (95 % CI) P value
Gender       
 Female 232 (85.3) 40 (15.1) Referent    
 Male 188 (86.1) 31 (13.9) 0.96 (0.56–1.64) 0.97 0.97 (0.97–1.67) 0.97
Age in years       
  < 1 24 (72.7) 9 (27.3) Referent    
 1–4 64 (85.0) 10 (15.0) 0.43 (0.14–1.28) 0.15 0.64 (0.63–1.35) 0.15
 5–9 123 (88.5) 16 (11.5) 0.35 (0.13–0.97) 0.05 0.59 (0.62–0.97) 0.04a
 10–14 213 (87.1) 32 (12.9) 0.40 (0.16–1.02) 0.07 0.58 (0.56–1.03 0.06
Type of TB       
 SPPTB 34 (81.0) 8 (19.0) Referent    
 SNPTB 175 (85.0) 31 (15.0) 0.66 (0.22–2.06) 0.66 0.77 (0.59–2.22) 0.68
 EPTB 211 (86.8) 32 (13.2) 0.65 (0.26–1.66) 0.43 0.73 (0.96–1.74) 0.44
Category of TB       
 New 389 (85.7) 65 (14.3) Referent    
Retreatment 3 (60.0) 2 (40.0) 3.99 (0.46–30.03) 0.31 4.1 (0.49–30.31) 0.33
 Transfer in 15 (83.1) 4 (16.9) 1.60 (0.43–5.35) 0.60 1.65 (0.49–5.60) 0.63
HIV status       
 Negative 196 (93.8) 13 (6.2) Referent    
 Positive 58 (70.7) 24 (29.3) 6.24 (2.83–13.91) P < 0.01 6.66 (3.07–14.47) 0.00a
 Unknown 165 (82.5) 35 (17.0) 3.20 (1.57–6.61) P < 0.01 3.44 (1.67–6.96) 0.00a
  1. COR crude odds ratio, AOR adjusted odds ratio a Significant