Skip to main content

Table 3 Longitudinal associations between determinants and working beyond ‘off time’ (N = 638) and ‘on time’ retirement (N = 416) in logistic regression analyses

From: A life course perspective on working beyond retirement—results from a longitudinal study in the Netherlands

Characteristics ‘Off time’ retirement ‘On time’ retirement
Univariate Multivariate Univariate Multivariate
OR 95 % CI OR 95 % CI OR 95 % CI OR 95 % CI
Individual characteristics
 Age 56-64 years 1.0 0.9–1.1 1.0 0.8–1.1 1.3** 1.1–1.7 1.3** 1.0–1.6
 Gender Male 2.0** 1.3–3.0 2.1** 1.3–3.3 0.9 0.6–1.4 0.9 0.6–1.4
 Educational level Low 1.0     1.0    
Intermediate 1.4 0.8–2.3    0.9 0.6–1.6   
High 1.4* 0.9–2.3    1.2 0.7–2.0   
 Mastery 1-5 1.1 0.8–1.5    1.5** 1.0–2.1   
Work motives and motivation
 Working because someone likes to work Yes 1.6* 1.0–2.4    1.2 0.8–1.8   
 Working because someone finds work meaningful Yes 1.0 0.6–1.6    1.2 0.7–1.8   
 Working for financial reasons Yes 1.1 0.8–1.6    0.8 0.5–1.2   
 Working because others expect them to do so Yes 1.5* 1.0–2.2    0.8 0.5–1.3   
 Work engagement 1-7 1.2** 1.0–1.4 1.3** 1.1–1.5 1.5** 1.2–1.8 1.5** 1.2–1.9
Health
 Physical health Poor 1.0   1.0   1.0    
Moderate 1.2 0.7–2.0 1.2 0.7–2.0 1.1 0.6–1.9   
Good 2.0** 1.2–3.4 2.1** 1.2–3.8 2.2** 1.2–3.8   
 Mental health Poor 1.0     1.0    
Moderate 1.2 0.8–1.9    1.8* 1.0–3.2   
Good 1.0 0.6–1.7    2.3** 1.2–4.2   
Job characteristics
 Physical demands High 1.0     1.0    
Medium 1.4* 0.9–2.4    1.2 0.6–2.1   
Low 1.4 0.8–2.3    1.0 0.6–1.9   
 Job demands 1-5 1.2 0.9–1.5    0.9 0.7–1.1   
 Autonomy 1-5 1.3* 1.0–1.7    0.9 0.7–1.1   
 Appreciation Present 1.3* 0.9–2.0    1.5* 1.0–2.3   
 Interesting work Present 1.6** 1.0–2.5    1.8** 1.1–2.8   
 Opportunities for learning and development Present 1.9* 1.0–3.6    0.8 0.4–1.9   
 Social support 1-5 1.0 0.8–1.3    0.8* 0.6–1.0 0.7** 0.6–0.9
 Skills and knowledge
 Developmental proactivity 1-5 1.4** 1.0–2.0    1.5** 1.1–2.1   
Financial situation
 Financial situation of the household Money left 1.0     1.0   1.0  
Just adequate 0.8 0.5–1.3 0.9 0.5–1.5 0.8 0.5–1.4 1.0 0.5–1.7
Short of money 2.2** 1.2–3.9 2.0** 1.0–4.0 1.7* 0.9–3.0 2.2** 1.1–4.4
 Financial possibility to stop working before age 65 Yes 1.0   1.0   1.0   1.0  
No 1.7** 1.1–2.8 1.8** 1.1–3.2 0.6** 0.4–0.9 0.5** 0.3–0.8
Don’t know 1.2 0.6–2.4 1.5 0.8–3.1 0.5* 0.2–1.3 0.4* 0.1–1.1
Social situation
 Partner No 1.3 0.8–2.1    0.8 0.5–1.3   
 Employment status partner Not working 1.0   1.0   1.0    
Working 1.3* 0.9–2.1 1.3 0.8–2.1 1.0 0.6–1.7   
No partner 1.6* 0.9–2.7 1.9** 1.1–3.4 0.9 0.5–1.4   
 Informal care Yes 0.8 0.5–1.2    0.9 0.5–1.5   
 Voluntary work Yes 1.6** 1.1–2.4 1.5** 1.0–2.2 1.3* 0.9–2.1   
  1. *p value < 0.20, **p value < 0.05