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Table 2 Longitudinal associations between determinants and working beyond retirement in logistic regression analyses (N = 1,054)

From: A life course perspective on working beyond retirement—results from a longitudinal study in the Netherlands

Characteristics Univariate Multivariate
OR 95 % CI OR 95 % CI
Individual characteristics
 Age 56–64 years 1.1** 1.0–1.2 1.1** 1.0–1.2
 Gender Male 1.3* 0.9–1.7 1.4** 1.0–1.9
 Educational level Low 1.0    
Intermediate 1.1 0.8–1.6   
High 1.2 0.9–1.7   
 Mastery 1–5 1.2* 1.0–1.6   
Work motives and motivation
 Working because someone likes to work Yes 1.4** 1.1–2.0   
 Working because someone finds work meaningful Yes 1.1 0.8–1.5   
 Working for financial reasons Yes 1.0 0.7–1.3   
 Working because others expect them to do so Yes 1.1 0.8–1.5   
 Work engagement 1–7 1.4** 1.2–1.5 1.3** 1.1–1.5
Health
 Physical health Poor 1.0   1.0  
Moderate 1.2 0.8–1.7 1.1 0.7–1.6
Good 2.1** 1.4–3.1 1.8** 1.2–2.8
 Mental health Poor 1.0    
Moderate 1.4* 1.0–2.0   
Good 1.5* 1.0–2.2   
Job characteristics
 Physical demands High 1.0    
Medium 1.4* 0.9–2.0   
Low 1.3* 0.9–1.9   
 Job demands 1-5 1.0 0.8–1.2   
 Autonomy 1-5 1.0 0.9–1.3   
 Social support 1-5 0.9 0.8–1.1   
 Appreciation Present 1.4** 1.1–1.9   
 Interesting work Present 1.7** 1.3–2.4   
 Opportunities for learning and development Present 1.3 0.8–2.2   
Skills and knowledge
 Developmental proactivity 1-5 1.5** 1.2–1.9   
 Financial situation      
 Financial situation of the household Money left 1.0    
Just adequate 0.8 0.6–1.2 1.0 0.7–1.4
Short of money 2.0** 1.3–3.0 2.4** 1.5–3.7
 Financial possibility to stop working before age 65 Yes 1.0    
No 1.1 0.8–1.5   
Don’t know 0.9 0.5–1.6   
Social situation
 Partner No 1.1 0.8–1.6   
 Employment status partner Not working 1.0    
Working 1.1 0.8–1.6   
No partner 1.2 0.8–1.8   
 Informal care Yes 0.8 0.5–1.1   
 Voluntary work Yes 1.4** 1.1–1.9 1.5** 1.1–2.0
  1. *p value < 0.20, **p value < 0.05