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Table 1 Characteristics of the study population (N = 1,054)

From: A life course perspective on working beyond retirement—results from a longitudinal study in the Netherlands

Characteristics Frequency (%) Mean IQR*
Individual characteristics
 Age 56–64 years - 61.3 60.0–63.0
 Gender Male 61.6 - -
 Educational level Low 29.1 - -
Intermediate 33.5 - -
High 37.4 - -
 Mastery 1–5 - 3.8 3.4–4.1
Work motives and motivation
 Working because someone likes to work Yes 28.9 - -
 Working because someone finds work meaningful Yes 26.9 - -
 Working for financial reasons Yes 41.4 - -
 Working because others expect them to do so Yes 23.9 - -
 Work engagement 1–7 - 4.4 3.7–5.3
Health
 Physical health Poor 25.2 - -
Moderate 46.5 - -
Good 28.3 - -
 Mental health Poor 25.3 - -
Moderate 49.8 - -
Good 24.9 - -
Job characteristics
 Physical demands High 22.1 - -
Medium 38.3 - -
Low 39.6 - -
 Job demands 1–5 - 3.0 2.5–3.5
 Autonomy 1–5 - 3.9 3.4–4.4
 Social support 1–5 - 3.5 3.0–4.0
 Appreciation Present 56.5 - -
 Interesting work Present 22.6 - -
 Opportunities for learning and development Present 7.2 - -
Skills and knowledge
 Developmental proactivity 1-5 - 3.8 3.5–4.0
Financial situation
 Financial situation of the household Money left 66.6 - -
Just adequate 22.7 - -
Short of money 10.7 - -
 Financial possibility to stop working before age 65 Yes 62.9 - -
No 29.2 - -
Don’t know 7.9 - -
Social situation
 Partner No 22.5 - -
 Employment status partner Not working 39.0 - -
Working 38.5   
No partner 22.5   
 Informal care Yes 19.9 - -
 Voluntary work Yes 41.0 - -
Outcome
 Working beyond retirement Yes 25.0 - -
  1. *Interquartile range (25th-75th percentile)