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Table 4 Weighted model-adjusted prevalence risk ratios for sociodemographic and social equity factors on high mental health and/or substance use burdena among Ontario bisexuals age 16 and over (n = 387)

From: Occurrence of multiple mental health or substance use outcomes among bisexuals: a respondent-driven sampling study

  Model 1: Sociodemographics Model Series 2: Individual social equity variables, adjusted for sociodemographics Model 3: All social equity variables, adjusted for sociodemographics
aPRR 95 % CI p aPRR 95 % CI p aPRR 95 % CI p
Non-modifiable Sociodemographic Factors
 Age    0.8175       0.4360
  16-24 1.00 --      1.00 --  
  25-34 0.98 (0.48, 2.00)      1.65 (0.76, 3.55)
  35-44 0.65 (0.25, 1.70)      1.73 (0.75, 3.96)
  45+ 0.87 (0.17, 4.31)      2.15 (0.85, 5.43)  
 Gender    0.0991       0.0455
  Cisgender womanb 1.00 --      1.00 --  
  Cisgender manb 0.58 (0.25, 1.38)      0.81 (0.42, 1.57)
  Trans womanc 2.12 (1.13, 3.96)      2.44 (1.35, 4.42)
  Trans manc 1.20 (0.65, 2.20)      1.16 (0.69, 1.94)
 Ethnoracial background    0.2757       0.2554
  Aboriginal 0.51 (0.18, 1.44)      0.64 (0.27, 1.52)  
  Non-Aboriginal racialized 0.57 (0.20, 1.61)      0.45 (0.13, 1.54)
  Non-Aboriginal non-racialized 1.00 --      1.00 --
 Sexual orientation self-identity    0.1575       0.0007
  Bisexual only 1.00 --      1.00 --  
  Bisexual and other identity/iesd 0.42 (0.18, 1.01)      0.31 (0.17, 0.59)
  Other identity/ies onlyd 0.77 (0.44, 1.35)      0.64 (0.38, 1.09)
 Residence    0.9239       0.6749
  Metropolitan Toronto 1.00 --      1.00 --  
  Ontario, not in Toronto 0.97 (0.47, 1.98)      0.89 (0.52, 1.54)
Social Equity Factors
 Education       0.0690    0.0108
  High school or less     2.13 (0.80, 5.70)   2.41 (1.06, 5.49)  
  ≥ Some postsecondary school     2.07 (0.92, 4.67)   2.21 (1.25, 3.88)
  Bachelor’s degree     0.86 (0.37, 2.01)   0.89 (0.45, 1.77)
  ≥ Some graduate education     1.00 --   1.00 --
 Income-to-needs ratio quartile       0.0464    0.0251
  ≤ $12,500/person/yr     1.00 --   1.00 --  
  > $12,500 to $23,333/person/yr     0.78 (0.38, 1.63)   1.02 (0.49, 2.10)
  > $23,333 to < $35,000/person/yr     1.05 (0.52, 2.15)   1.39 (0.84, 2.28)
  ≥ $35,000/person/yr     0.28 (0.08, 0.94)   0.44 (0.20, 1.00)
 Perceived discrimination quartile       0.0098    0.0006
  0-3     1.00 --   1.00 --  
  4-10     3.51 (1.15, 10.74)   3.77 (1.22, 11.64)
  11-18     2.22 (0.69, 7.14)   1.96 (0.62, 6.25)
  19-108     5.40 (1.76, 16.58)   5.71 (2.08, 15.63)
 Anti-bisexual experiences quartile       0.5994    0.6918
  31-49     1.00 --   1.00 --  
  50-63     1.41 (0.62, 3.23)   1.07 (0.58, 1.96)
  64-85     0.95 (0.42, 2.16)   0.73 (0.38, 1.41)
  86-188     1.46 (0.58, 3.71)   1.08 (0.60, 1.97)
 Childhood abused       0.5680    0.9248
  Yes     1.00 --   1.00 --  
  No     1.23 (0.60, 2.50)   0.98 (0.62, 1.53)
  1. aHaving three of more of the following five outcomes: Current depression, current anxiety consistent with disorder, past-year suicidal ideation, problem drinking, or polysubstance use (use of two or more illicit substances excluding marijuana)
  2. bCisgender includes those whose gender identities match the sex they were assigned at birth
  3. cIncludes those who identify as genderqueer, bigender, 2-Spirit or other non-male, non-female identities
  4. dOther identity options included: 2-spirited, ambisexual, asexual, biaffectionate, bisensual, fluid, heteroflexible, homoflexible, omnisexual, pansexual, queer, or other identities not specified
  5. eChildhood abuse includes self-report of any sexual or physical abuse prior to age 16