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Table 3 Odds of having individual metabolic syndrome components according to depressed mood in the Maine-Syracuse Longitudinal Study

From: Association between depressive symptoms, use of antidepressant medication and the metabolic syndrome: the Maine-Syracuse Study

Depressive symptoms Covariate seta Quartile of scoresb MetS low HDL-cholesterolc
OR 95 % CI P
CES-D score Basic Q4 1.89 1.30, 2.74 0.001
   Q3 1.28 0.89, 1.85 0.2
   Q2 1.41 0.98, 2.04 0.1
   Q1 1.00   
  Extended Q4 1.67 1.13, 2.46 0.010
   Q3 1.21 0.83, 1.77 0.3
   Q2 1.34 0.91, 1.98 0.1
   Q1 1.00   
Zung score Basic Q4 1.48 1.02, 2.14 0.037
   Q3 1.36 0.93, 1.99 0.1
   Q2 1.01 0.71, 1.44 0.9
   Q1 1.00   
  Extended Q4 1.30 0.88, 1.91 0.2
   Q3 1.26 0.84, 1.87 0.3
   Q2 0.99 0.69, 1.44 0.9
   Q1 1.00   
  1. CES-D Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale; CI confidence interval; MetS metabolic syndrome; OR odds ratio
  2. aBasic: adjusted for age, education, sex, ethnicity; Extended: adjusted for set 1 + smoking (cigarettes per day), physical activity (MET-minutes/day), CRP (mg/L)
  3. bQuartile 1 (lowest quartile of scores) = reference group
  4. cMetS clinical cut off points: reduced HDL-cholesterol: <1.0 mmol/L or <40 mg/dL for males; <1.3 mmol/L or <50 mg/dL for females [1]