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Table 2 Descriptive statistics of fathers with low and high levels of depressive symptoms

From: The prevalence of depressive symptoms among fathers and associated risk factors during the first seven years of their child’s life: findings from the Millennium Cohort Study

  Sweep 1(9 months old) c Sweep 2 (3 years old) d Sweep 3 (5 years old) e Sweep 4 (7 years old) f
depressive symptoms depressive symptoms depressive symptoms depressive symptoms
Predictors a Low High Low High Low High Low High
Family context factors         
Maternal depressive symptoms: Mean(SD) 3.96 (4.3) 6.18 (5.6) 2.82 (3.2) 4.98 (4.6) 2.62 (3.2) 4.23 (4.6) 2.57 (3.2) 4.69 (4.4)b
Marital conflict: Mean (SD) −0.04 (1.0) 0.97 (1.3) −0.00 (1.0) 1.38 (1.3) −0.01 (1.0) 1.13 (1.5) −0.02 (1.0) 1.02 (1.5)b
Child temperament: Mean(SD) 57.44 (6.1) 55.26 (6.8) 57.49 (6.0) 56.88 (7.1)b 57.52 (6.0) 56.44 (6.8) 57.41 (6.0) 55.45 (6.7)b
Child gender (%)         
 1. Boy 52 50 50 51 51 57 51 51
 2. Girl 48 50 50 49 49 43 49 49
Socio-demographic factors         
Paternal education (%)         
 1. No qualifications 14 31 12 29 12 37 12 27
 2. School level, Degree or higher 86 69 88 71 88 63 88 73
Fathers ethnic background (%)         
 1. White 91 88 92 88 93 89 92 86
 2. Indian, Pakistani & Bangladeshi 5 7 5 7 4 7 4 9
 3. Afro-Caribbean & British afro-Caribbean 2 2 2 3 1 0 2 1
 4. Mixed, other ethic 2 3 2 2 2 4 2 4
Fathers’ employment (%)         
 1. Employed 92 74 94 74 95 63 95 61
 2. Unemployed 8 26 6 26 5 37 5 39
Housing (%)         
 1. Council or private rent 22 43 17 40 15 46 16 46
 2. Home owner 78 57 83 60 85 54 84 54
Family income: Mean (£ per week) 370.15 (205.00) 290.92 (197.10) 413.88 (227.14) 291.21 (192.93)b 439.95 (222.63) 272.53 (150.63) 474.08 (229.37) 309.37 (200.71)b
Paternal age (years): Mean (SD) 33.2 (6.0) 32.7 (6.6) 35.7 (5.9) 34.7 (6.5) 37.8 (5.9) 37.6 (6.2) 39.7 (5.9) 38.7 (6.3)b
  1. a Sample size ranged from 5491 to 12,396 due to missing data in the variables
  2. b SD were taken from data out of survey, as survey set in stata was giving inaccurate result of 0 SD’s
  3. c Sample size was 12,396 (high depressive symptoms = 1133, low depressive symptoms = 11,263)
  4. d Sample size was 8768 (high depressive symptoms = 129, low depressive symptoms = 8768)
  5. e Sample size was 8312 (high depressive symptoms = 165, low depressive symptoms = 8147)
  6. f Sample size was 7382 (high depressive symptoms = 179, low depressive symptoms = 7203)