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Table 5 Geometric mean difference in adiponectin level for each socioeconomic status category compared to highest category based on general linear model

From: Association of adiponectin and socioeconomic status in African American men and women: the Jackson heart study

Adiponectin Men Women
  Model:     Model:    
Income a1 b2 c3 d4 a1 b2 c3 d4
 ≤ $19,999 3.91 3.78 4.17 3.88 4.98 5.33 5.33 5.11
 $20,000–$49,999 3.25 3.24 3.70 3.46 4.94 5.53 5.53 5.17
 ≥$50,000 (referent) 3.02 3.07 3.59 3.31 4.88 5.48 5.48 5.17
P for linear trend <.0001 <.0001 .001 .0008 .53 .20 .38 .7370
Education a1 b2 c3 d4 a1 b2 c3 d4
 <high school 3.98 3.62 4.07 3.71 5.18 4.74 5.28 4.94
 High school or GED 3.26 3.28 3.71 3.53 4.97 4.88 5.42 5.04
 Some college or vocational 3.07 3.21 3.73 3.44 4.64 4.84 5.39 5.26
 ≥College graduate (referent) 3.10 3.14 3.68 3.43 5.06 5.15 5.57 5.21
P for linear trend <.0001 .006 .08 .14 .22 .05 .23 .12
  1. Abbreviations: GED graduate equivalency diploma
  2. aModel 1, unadjusted
  3. bModel 2, adjusted for age
  4. cModel 3, adjusted for age and health behavior (overweight, smoking status, alcohol consumption status, physical activity)
  5. dModel 4, adjusted for age, health behavior and health status (HDL, LDL, triglycerides, hypertension status, type 2 diabetes status, HOMA-IR, CRP)