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Table 3 Characteristics among men and women stratified by education (N = 4340)

From: Association of adiponectin and socioeconomic status in African American men and women: the Jackson heart study

  Education
  < high school High school or GED Some college or vocational ≥ College graduate P-value
Men (n = 1604)
Age (years), mean ± std 65.05 ± 10.64 53.34 ± 12.73 48.92 ± 11.93 52.49 ± 11.67 <.0001
Health Behavior
Current smoker,% 22.22 20.40 21.70 10.43 <.0001
Physical activity score, mean ± std 6.99 ± 2.46 8.38 ± 2.59 9.41 ± 2.52 9.18 ± 2.34 <.0001
Alcohol consumption, % 46.15 58.67 64.48 64.87 <.0001
BMI (kg/m2), mean ± std 28.57 ± 5.70 29.34 ± 5.58 30.60 ± 6.77 30.11 ± 6.21 <.0001
Health Status
Hypertension, % 76.22 60.54 53.32 56.45 <.0001
SBP (mmHg), mean ± std 132.87 ± 20.89 128.47 ± 17.47 126.20 ± 16.96 126.26 ± 16.78 <.0001
DBP(mmHg), mean ± std 79.10 ± 10.76 81.50 ± 10.37 82.57 ± 11.01 81.69 ± 9.93 0.0002
Type 2 diabetes, % 24.03 16.89 13.33 12.26 <.0001
LDL cholesterol (mg/dL), mean ± std 126.54 ± 38.75 126.98 ± 36.27 129.01 ± 35.87 130.56 ± 36.05 0.4188
HDL cholesterol (mg/dL), mean ± std 48.34 ± 13.90 46.04 ± 11.86 45.51 ± 12.43 45.13 ± 11.91 0.0068
Triglyceride (mg/dl), mean ± std 109.24 ± 68.53 108.55 ± 62.68 123.60 ± 95.59 111.13 ± 105.56 0.0643
HOMA-IR, mean ± std 3.15 ± 1.89 3.42 ± 2.27 3.52 ± 2.00 3.51 ± 2.89 0.2609
CRP (mg/dL), mean ± std 0.59 ± 2.11 0.36 ± 0.62 0.32 ± 0.49 0.31 ± 0.60 0.0013
Women (n = 2736)
Age (years), mean ± std 64.97 ± 10.11 57.11 ± 12.26 50.32 ± 11.97 53.20 ± 11.56 <.0001
Health Behavior
Current smoker, % 13.00 11.63 12.95 7.69 0.0014
Physical activity score, mean ± std 6.69 ± 2.42 7.83 ± 2.60 8.71 ± 2.48 8.89 ± 2.33 <.0001
Alcohol consumption, % 20.13 33.90 44.35 48.86 <.0001
BMI (kg/m2), mean ± std 33.42 ± 7.75 33.06 ± 7.44 33.66 ± 8.21 31.93 ± 7.04 <.0001
Health Status
Hypertension, % 82.52 69.81 57.76 56.55 <.0001
SBP (mmHg), mean ± std 132.34 ± 19.42 128.55 ± 20.03 124.12 ± 17.44 123.80 ± 16.92 <.0001
DBP(mmHg), mean ± std 75.21 ± 10.05 77.89 ± 10.27 78.00 ± 10.15 77.24 ± 9.92 <.0001
Type 2 diabetes, % 31.01 18.49 16.89 15.75 <.0001
LDL cholesterol (mg/dL), mean ± std 128.75 ± 37.36 127.76 ± 36.95 125.11 ± 37.74 123.06 ± 33.63 0.0259
HDL cholesterol (mg/dL), mean ± std 56.38 ± 16.02 55.70 ± 14.86 53.59 ± 13.28 55.74 ± 14.81 0.0084
Triglyceride (mg/dl), mean ± std 105.28 ± 54.41 98.73 ± 48.31 103.63 ± 67.07 96.02 ± 62.63 0.0196
HOMA-IR, mean ± std 4.08 ± 2.56 3.89 ± 2.50 3.84 ± 2.30 3.57 ± 2.48 0.0104
CRP (mg/dL), mean ± std 0.67 ± 1.04 0.58 ± 0.79 0.64 ± 0.85 0.53 ± 0.74 0.0104
  1. Abbreviations: std standard deviation, BMI body mass index, SBP systolic blood pressure, DBP diastolic blood pressure, LDL low-density lipoprotein, HDL high-density lipoprotein, HOMA-IR homoeostasis model assessment-insulin resistance, CRP C-reactive protein