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Table 3 Participants’ Characteristics by Obesity Trajectory Groups with BMI 85%ile Criterion

From: Obesity status trajectory groups among elementary school children

  Persistently Non-Overweight/Obese Late-onset Overweight/Obese Early-onset Overweight/Obese Becoming Healthy Chronically Overweight/Obese
n % n % n % n % n %
Gender***
 Male 375 45.4 88 10.65 78 9.44 80 9.69 205 24.82
 Female 476 57.7 73 8.85 65 7.88 55 6.67 156 18.91
Ethnicity***
 Non-Hispanic White 292 55.94 50 9.58 43 8.24 48 9.2 89 17.05
 Non-Hispanic Black 184 49.07 40 10.67 27 7.2 31 8.27 93 24.8
 Hispanic 151 39.84 35 9.23 40 10.55 31 8.18 122 32.19
 Asian 224 59.73 36 9.6 33 8.8 25 6.67 57 15.2
School Title Ia (SES)***
 High SES 658 54.74 117 9.73 99 8.24 101 8.4 227 18.89
 Low SES 193 42.98 44 9.8 44 9.8 34 7.57 134 29.84
  1. Note. Chi-squared test of independence was used to assess significance; ***p < 0.001; Percentages are calculated for each row; aTitle I status indicates that at least 40 % of students come from low-income families