Skip to main content

Table 3 Summary of associations between built environment attributes and physical activity

From: The association between built environment features and physical activity in the Australian context: a synthesis of the literature

Built environment attributes Objective built environment Self-reported built environment
All studies Good and fair qualityb All studies Good and fair quality
Density 3/9 (33 %) [4]a 1/5 (20 %) [2]   
Diversity 4/6 (67 %) [3] 2/4 (50 %) [1]   
Design 8/29 (28 %) [6] 6/24 (25 %) [4] 16/32 (50 %) [3] 11/27 (40 %) [3]
Destinations 7/10 (70 %) [4] 3/6 (50 %) [2] 10/14 (71 %) [3] 10/14 (71 %) [3]
Distance to transit 4/5 (80 %) [3] 3/4 (75 %) [2] 1/2 (50 %) [1] 1/2 (50 %) [1]
Safety 2/6 (33 %) [2] 0/0 (N/A) 3/9 (33 %) [3] 2/9 (22 %) [3]
Aggregated neighbourhood measures 14/19 (74 %) [3] 8/15 53 % [2] 1/1 (100 %) [1] 1/1 (100 %) [1]
  1. Note: Results represent the proportion (%) of tested associations with results in the expected direction
  2. aNumber of independent studies
  3. bOnly two cross-sectional design studies rated as good quality, ten qualified as fair quality and seven as poor. All studies with longitudinal and quasi-experiment designs rated as good quality (Additional file 1: Appendix F Tables 1 and 2)