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Table 2 Categorisation of built environment attributes

From: The association between built environment features and physical activity in the Australian context: a synthesis of the literature

Categorya Built environment attributes Expected direction of association
Density Population density/jobs density Positive
Diversity Land use mix/non-residential zone Positive
Design Street Network: street connectivity/few cul de sacs/space syntax measures (e.g. local and control integration)/traffic slowing devices/pedestrian crossing/active transport route options/3/4 or more ways intersections Positive
Road traffic volume/busy roads Negative
Transport infrastructure: sidewalks/bikeways/street lights/aesthetics and attractiveness Positive
Green and recreational space: area/presence/number/distance(shorter)/quality/attractiveness/maintenance/aesthetics Positive
Destination Transport related: shorter distance (or access within walking distance) to: neighbourhood destinations, retail, school/better job accessibility by public transport Positive
Job accessibility by car Negative
Recreation related: shorter distance (or access within walking distance) to recreational destinations Positive
Distance to transit Shorter distance (or access within walking distance) to bus stops/train stations Positive
Safety Neighbourhood lighting Positive
Crime/Traffic Negative
Aggregated neighbourhood characteristics Walkability index/environmental score Positive
  1. aNote: Ewing and Cervero have a 6th D relating to the Demand for Parking. It has been excluded in this list as no relevant research was found