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Table 3 Psychoactive substance use and background characteristics

From: Psychoactive substances use and associated factors among middle and high school students in the North Center of Morocco: a cross-sectional questionnaire survey

  Users Non-users p-value
Background characteristics Male Female Total Male Female Total
N % N % N % N % N % N %
School levels
 Intermediate 98 10.5 3 0,4 101 6.1 836 89.5 720 99.6 1556 93.9 <0.001
 Secondary 152 23.2 27 3,9 179 13.4 502 76.7 655 96.0 1157 86.6  
Age groups (years)
 11–14 13 3.2 1 0,3 14 1.8 387 96.8 394 99.7 781 98.2 <0.001
 15–18 164 17.1 23 2.6 187 10.1 796 82.9 865 97.4 1661 89.9  
 19–23 70 31.5 6 5.1 76 22.4 152 68.5 111 94.9 263 77.6  
Location
 Urban 190 16.9 28 2.5 218 9.7 935 83.1 1094 97.5 2029 90.3 NS
 Rural 60 12.9 2 0.7 62 8.3 403 87.1 281 99,3 684 91.7  
Parents’ marital status
 Married 219 15.4 22 1.8 241 9.1 1201 84.6 1218 98.2 2419 90.9 NS
 Divorced 9 16.9 4 7.1 13 11.9 44 83.1 52 92.9 96 88.1  
 Widowed 15 20.5 2 2.9 17 11.9 58 79.5 68 97.1 126 88.1  
 Separated 4 14.3 1 2.7 5 7.7 24 85.7 36 97.3 60 92.3  
Father’s education
 Illiterate 77 13.1 2 0.5 79 7.5 514 86.9 465 99.5 979 92.5 NS
 Primary 72 16.9 11 3.0 83 10.5 353 83.1 357 97.0 710 89.5  
 Secondary 71 19.1 10 2.5 81 10.6 301 80.9 381 97.5 682 89.4  
 University and above 23 13.2 6 4.0 29 9.0 151 86.8 144 96.0 295 91.0  
Mother’s education
 Illiterate 165 16.8 8 1.0 173 9.6 813 83.2 807 99.0 1620 90.4 NS
 Primeray 29 11.2 7 2.8 36 7.1 231 88.8 242 97.2 473 92.9  
 Secondary 37 14.3 10 3.9 47 9.1 221 85.7 248 96.1 469 90.9  
 University and above 13 17.1 4 5.5 17 11.4 63 82.9 69 94.5 132 88.6  
Father employment
 Employed 204 15.2 26 2.3 230 9.3 1136 84.8 1101 97.7 2273 90.7 NS
 unemployed 8 18.2 0 0.0 8 9.9 36 81.8 37 100.0 73 90.1  
 Retired 19 17.2 1 0.8 20 8.2 91 82.8 133 99.2 224 90.8  
Mother employment
 Employed 18 12.8 9 6.4 27 9.6 123 87.2 131 93.6 254 90.4 NS
 unemployed 218 15.4 19 1.5 237 8.9 1195 84.6 1231 98.5 2426 91.1  
Family income
  ≤ 300 £ 58 20.5 4 1.9 62 12.6 225 79.5 205 98.1 430 87.4 <0.007
 301 – 1000 £ 165 14.3 24 2.2 189 8.4 990 85.7 1081 97.8 2071 91.6  
  ≥ 1000 £ 21 18.3 1 1.4 22 11.8 94 81.7 71 98.6 165 88.2  
  1. NS Not significant
  2. p < 0.05