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Table 3 Bivariable and multivariable GEE analyses of factors associated with rushed public crack smoking in the previous six months among VIDUS and ACCESS participants in Vancouver, Canada who smoked crack in public at least once (n = 751)

From: Risky and rushed public crack cocaine smoking: the potential for supervised inhalation facilities

  Unadjusted Adjusted
Characteristic Odds ratio (95 % CI) p-value Odds ratio (95 % CI) p-value
Age     
 (per one-year decrease) 1.04 (1.02 – 1.06) <0.001 1.02 (1.01 – 1.04) 0.019
Gender     
 (female vs. male) 1.35 (1.01 – 1.80) 0.045 1.23 (0.90 – 1.69) 0.185
Homelessnessa     
 (yes vs. no) 2.86 (2.18 – 3.76) <0.001 2.61 (1.96 – 3.49) <0.001
Drug dealinga     
 (yes vs. no) 1.86 (1.41 – 2.44) <0.001 1.39 (1.04 – 1.86) 0.026
Sex worka     
 (yes vs. no) 1.25 (0.86 – 1.81) 0.241   
Crack smokinga    
 (≥ daily vs. < daily) 1.71 (1.30 – 2.24) <0.001 1.48 (1.11 – 1.98) 0.007
Shared crack pipea     
 (yes vs. no) 1.65 (1.28 – 2.14) <0.001 1.44 (1.10 – 1.89) 0.008
Binge non-injection drug usea    
 (yes vs. no) 1.28 (1.00 – 1.64) 0.051   
Noticed police presencea     
 (yes vs. no) 1.19 (0.88 – 1.60) 0.250   
Stopped, searched or detained without arrest by policea
 (yes vs. no) 1.68 (1.22 – 2.31) 0.001   
Incarcerationa     
 (yes vs. no) 1.90 (1.30 – 2.78) <0.001 1.43 (0.95 – 2.15) 0.084
Drug addiction treatment (excluding methadone)a   
 (yes vs. no) 0.97 (0.73 – 1.28) 0.828   
Victim of violencea     
 (yes vs. no) 1.36 (0.96 – 1.92) 0.088   
  1. aDenotes activities/events in the previous six months