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Table 2 Demographic characteristics; autopsy reports by country, manner of death, age and gender

From: Accidents and undetermined deaths: re-evaluation of nationwide samples from the Scandinavian countries

Autopsies by manner of death Total Aged 18–50 Aged 51–70 Aged ≥71 Pearson Chi-Squared (χ 2)
Norwegian dataset (Nor)
Number of cases (n) 600 283 (47 %) 197 (33 %) 120 (20 %)  
 Autopsies 325 (54 %) 208 (74 %) 87 (44 %) 30 (25 %) <0.001
 Male gender (%) 432 (72 %)     0.234
 Natural deaths (F10–39, F60–69) 32 (16 %) 11 (34 %) 19 (18 %) 2 (3 %) <0.001
 Suicides (X60–84, Y870) 136 (68 %) 84 (71 %) 39 (67 %) 13 (54 %) 0.262
 Accidents (V43–45.5, V47–48.5, V49.4, X40–49, W65–74, X00–09) 157 (79 %) 113 (85 %) 29 (83 %) 15 (47 %) <0.001
Swedish dataset (Swe)
Number of cases (n) 600 227 (38 %) 239 (40 %) 134 (22 %)  
 Autopsies 483 (81 %) 214 (94 %) 208 (87 %) 61 (46 %) <0.001
 Male gender (%) 403 (67 %)     0.096
 Natural deaths (F10–39, F60–69) 108 (54 %) 25 (86 %) 77 (76 %) 6 (9 %) <0.001
Suicides (X60–84, Y870) 192 (96 %) 91 (97 %) 76 (96 %) 25 (93 %) 0.611
 Accidents (V43–45.5, V47–48.5, V49.4, X40–49, W65–74, X00–09) 124 (89 %) 65 (92 %) 36 (92 %) 23 (77 %) 0.069
 Undetermined deaths (Y10–34, Y872) 59 (98 %) 33 (100 %) 19 (95 %) 7 (100 %) 0.362
Danish dataset (Dan)
Number of cases (n) 599 232 (39 %) 183 (30 %) 184 (31 %)  
 Autopsies 190 (32 %) 124 (53 %) 50 (27 %) 16 (9 %) <0.001
 Male gender (%) 388 (65 %)     0.879
 Natural deaths (F10–39, F60–69, R96–99) 15 (8 %) 7 (37 %) 7 (10 %) 1 (1 %) <0.001
 Suicides (X60–84, Y870) 36 (18 %) 22 (25 %) 14 (20 %) 0 0.003
 Accidents (V01–99, X40–49, W65–74, X00–09) 139 (70 %) 96 (77 %) 29 (66 %) 15 (48 %) 0.007
  Nor, n (%) Swe, n (%) Dan, n (%) Pearson Chi-Squared (χ 2)
Car occupant injured in transport accidents (V43–V45.5, V47–V48.5, V49.4) 17 (59 %) 32 (94 %) 4 (29 %) <0.001
Transport accidents (V01–V99)    12 (27 %)  
Accidental poisonings (X40–49) 112 (87 %) 62 (89 %) 99 (95 %) 0.093
Accidental drownings (W65–74) 9 (56 %) 16 (76 %) 9 (43 %) 0.088
Accidental exposure to smoke, fire and flames (X00–09) 19 (73 %) 14 (93 %) 19 (66 %) 0.149
Event of undetermined intent (Y10–34, Y872)   59 (98 %)   
  1. Cases in which an autopsy was performed according to country, manner of death, age and gender. The lowermost part of the table presents transport, poisoning, drowning and fire accidents, in addition to cases in which the manner of death was undetermined. Percentages are given in parentheses. To analyse differences in the number of autopsies between age groups and countries, chi-squared tests were used