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Table 1 Characteristics of the respondents and the cases during the baseline survey in the four arms of the study, Jan-Mar 2015

From: The effectiveness bundling of zinc with Oral Rehydration Salts (ORS) for improving adherence to acute watery diarrhea treatment in Ethiopia: cluster randomised controlled trial

Variables Arms P value
Central bundling (n = 176) HC level bundling (n = 176) Status quo (n = 176) Bundling without message (n = 176)
Type of the respondent (%)
 Mothers 92.0 89.8 92.0 92.0 0.832
 Other primary caregiver 8.0 10.2 8.0 8.0
Mean age (± SD) of the respondents (years) 28.2 (±7.6) 26.9 (±6.3) 28.4 (±6.7) 26.8 (±6.9) 0.063
Mean parity (± SD) 3.4 (±2.1) 3.0 (±2.0) 3.4 (±2.1) 3.3 (±2.1) 0.266
Educational status (%)
 No formal education 51.1 46.6 51.7 53.4 0.231
 Primary education 27.8 27.3 21.6 29.5
 Secondary education or above 21.0 26.1 26.7 17.0  
Occupation (%)
 Housewife/farmer 90.0 93.2 86.4 90.3 0.187
 Others 9.1 6.8 13.6 9.7
Marital status (%)
 Married/living together 92.6 92.6 96.0 95.5 0.364
 Others 7.4 7.4 4.0 4.5
Household wealth index (%)
 Poor 31.8 36.4 30.1 34.7 0.097
 Middle 28.9 34.7 40.9 29.0
 Rich 39.3 29.0 29.0 36.4
Age of the child (months) (%)
 6–11 39.3 30.7 30.1 34.1 0.151
 12–23 39.3 42.6 39.8 46.6
 24–59 21.4 26.7 30.1 19.3
Sex of the child (%)
 Boys 59.0 55.1 53.4 52.3 0.614
 Girls 41.0 44.9 46.6 47.7