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Table 2 Risk factors among total sample and by injection drug use behavior

From: The association between psychosocial and structural-level stressors and HIV injection drug risk behavior among Malaysian fishermen: A cross-sectional study

  Total sample Non-Injector PWID
(n = 406) (n = 252) (62.1 %) (n = 154) (37.9 %)
  n % n % n %
HIV+ 48 11.8 % 8 3.2 % 40 26.0 %**
Mental Health
-Depression (BSI, cutoff score 63) 42 10.3 % 16 6.3 % 26 16.9 %**
Financial Stressors a
-At or below poverty line (ref: above poverty line) 288/402 71.6 % 200/248 80.6 %** 88 57.1 %
-Borrowed money in past 3 months (ref: not borrowed) 98 24.1 % 48 19.0 % 50 32.5 %**
-Enough money to buy food in past 3 months (ref: not enough) 117 28.8 % 66 26.2 % 51 33.1 %
Living conditions
-Needed or wanted place to stay past 3 months, but did not (ref: had consistent place to stay) 55 13.5 % 31 12.3 % 24 15.6 %
Negative Police Interactions
Ever been arrested 206 50.7 % 66 26.2 % 140 90.9 %**
# times been arrested among those who reported prior arrest (n = 206) (mean, sd) 4.3, 4.7 3.3, 3.8 4.8, 5.0*
Ever been brought to police lock-up, among those that had been arrested (n = 206) 192 93.2 % 53 80.3 % 139 99.3 %**
# Days detained in lock-up, past 3 months (mean, sd) among those detained) (n = 190) a 4.6, 6.6 3.3, 5.8 5.1, 6.8†
Ever gone to prison a 130/203 64.0 % 23/63 36.5 % 107/140 76.4 %**
# times gone to prison (mean, sd) among those previously gone to prison (n = 203) a 3.2, 2.8 2.7, 2.3 3.3, 2.9
  1. amissingness due to non-response
  2. ** p <0.01; * p <0.05; † p < 0.1