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Table 5 Multilevel ordered logit estimates – dependent variable: probability of reporting severe/very severe/no limitations in daily life - Year: 2012a

From: Migrant integration policies and health inequalities in Europe

Variables Model 1 Model 2 Model 3 Model 4 Model 5 Model 6
Individual (level 1)       
Non-EU migrant (citizen or born outside the EU) 1.034* 1.025 1.027 0.966 0.942 0.894**
Country (level 2)       
Health care expenditure on GDP   1.094*** 1.096*** 1.078*** 0.928*** 1.067***
Healthy life expectancy   0.920*** 0.919*** 0.909*** 0.926*** 0.927***
N. of problems with migrant integration policies    0.988***   0.932*** 0.972***
N. of problems with migrant integration policies * non-EU migrant     1.030** 1.040*** 1.046***
Interactions: non-EU migrant (citizen or born outside the EU) * individual-level variables       
Non-EU migrants * low education       1.262***
Non-EU migrants * low income       1.068
Non-EU migrant * unemployed       0.844**
Non-EU migrant * housework       0.884
Non-EU migrant * self employed       1.037
Non-EU migrant * not married       0.852**
Non-EU migrant * divorced       1.006
Non-EU migrant * widow       0.905
Cut1 15.564*** 0.258*** 0.235*** 0.114*** 0.106*** 0.026***
Cut2 80.927*** 1.346*** 1.224*** 0.593*** 0.554*** 0.131***
Sigma2 u 1.271*** 1.053*** 1.064*** 1.165*** 1.032*** 1.213***
Chi2 56000 57000 60000 58000 58000 52000
N. of countries 23 (AT BG CH DE DK EE EL ES FI FR HR HU IT LT LU LV MT NL PT RO SE SK)
N. of observations 340920 (all models)
  1. Legend: * p < 0.05; ** p < 0.01; *** p < 0.001
  2. AT Austria, BG Bulgaria, CH Switzerland, DE Germany, DK Denmark, EE Estonia, EL Greece, ES Spain, FI Finland, FR France, HR Croatia, HU Hungary, IT Italy, LT Lithuania, LU Luxembourg, LV Latvia, MT Malta, NL The Netherlands, PT Portugal, RO Romania, SE Sweden, SK Slovak Republic, UK United Kingdom
  3. aOdds ratios. Estimates obtained by controlling for individuals age, gender, education, individual income, occupational status, marital status
  4. Source: our calculation based on Eurostat [21, 27], OECD [26] data for 2012 and on MIPEX [25] data