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Table 1 Proportion of women aged 15–49, who had a live birth in the 5 years preceding the survey, according to maternal and child health care utilization indicators in 12 sub-Saharan Africa countries

From: Associations in the continuum of care for maternal, newborn and child health: a population-based study of 12 sub-Saharan Africa countries

Characteristics N = 137,505 Adequate antenatal care Adequate delivery care Adequate postnatal care Adequate immunization
All 100 8.8 54.8 35.2 31.7
Country, year   *** *** *** ***
 DR Congo, 2013/14 13.6 4.8 78.3 20.2 20.5
 Gambia, 2013 5.8 10.2 62.7 57.4 55.0
 Liberia, 2013 4.8 30.3 55.1 55.2 31.4
 Mali, 2012/13 7.7 4.7 39.2 27.5 18.7
 Namibia, 2013 3.5 8.4 87.4 55.5 46.3
 Nigeria, 2013 23.5 7.1 34.4 23.7 15.3
 Rwanda, 2010 6.7 3.3 69.0 10.5 63.2
 Senegal, 2013 4.6 22.6 58.2 54.2 40.1
 Sierra Leone, 2013 9.0 14.2 54.0 54.2 49.4
 Tanzania, 2010 6.0 2.7 50.0 17.5 35.9
 Togo, 2013/14 4.9 7.6 45.0 50.1 38.7
 Zambia, 2013/14 9.9 7.5 64.1 53.1 29.2
Marital status   *** *** *** ***
 Married 88.2 8.5 52.8 33.5 31.1
 Formerly married 5.6 10.0 61.7 38.4 33.2
 Unmarried 6.2 12.5 76.8 56.6 38.1
Age group   *** *** *** ***
  ≤ 20 10.7 9.3 52.2 40.0 22.4
 21–25 23.4 8.4 56.2 33.7 29.6
 26–30 28.1 8.8 55.9 33.4 33.1
 31–35 18.7 9.2 56.0 36.1 34.8
 36–40 12.6 8.7 52.8 35.5 33.9
  ≥ 41 6.5 8.9 49.6 36.9 34.9
Birth order   *** *** *** ***
 1st 20.5 10.3 65.6 37.1 35.1
 2nd 19.9 9.9 62.4 38.5 34.5
 3rd–4th 27.5 9.1 52.7 34.4 31.0
  > 4th 32.1 6.9 44.5 32.4 27.9
Family size   *** *** ***  
  ≤ 6 21.3 10.3 60.2 37.4 31.9
  > 6 78.7 8.4 53.3 34.6 31.6
Number of under-5, M   *** *** *** ***
  ≤ 2 70.1 9.7 57.9 38.2 33.0
  > 2 29.9 6.7 47.7 27.9 28.3
Residence   *** *** *** ***
 Urban 32.1 14.1 77.2 49.4 38.8
 Rural 67.9 6.3 44.2 28.5 28.3
Mother’s education   *** *** *** ***
 No education 41.4 7.0 35.8 29.0 26.1
 Primary 32.8 7.0 59.3 31.4 33.8
 Secondary & higher 25.8 14.1 79.5 49.9 37.9
Wealth index   *** *** *** ***
 Poorest 22.7 4.7 34.8 24.0 24.1
 Poor 22.2 5.9 41.7 28.6 26.7
 Middle 20.3 8.3 52.5 34.8 30.9
 Rich 18.7 10.7 70.2 42.8 36.4
 Richest 16.1 17.1 86.1 51.8 44.7
Media exposure   *** *** *** ***
 Not exposed 31.2 5.2 41.9 24.5 21.0
 Any one 32.7 7.8 49.7 33.2 34.0
 Any two 26.6 11.4 65.7 43.9 36.7
 All three 9.5 17.0 84.3 53.1 44.5
Mother’s employment   *** *** *** ***
 Unemployed 28.4 8.5 54.9 36.1 27.8
 Professional 2.1 17.9 89.6 56.0 44.8
 Middle level jobs 23.2 10.6 57.3 37.7 28.0
 Agriculture 34.4 5.7 49.4 27.8 35.0
 Other 11.9 11.3 59.1 43.0 35.9
Father’s employment   *** *** *** ***
 Unemployed 9.2 5.5 42.0 28.9 20.6
 Professional 8.0 12.8 70.1 42.6 34.3
 Middle level jobs 12.1 10.5 58.0 37.0 29.5
 Agriculture 42.8 5.6 43.6 26.4 29.7
 Other 27.9 11.9 64.6 42.0 36.3
Father’s education   *** *** *** ***
 No education 36.7 6.9 34.9 29.6 27.2
 Primary 26.5 5.9 53.8 27.0 33.8
 Secondary 30.1 10.4 69.4 40.0 31.7
 Higher 6.8 18.7 78.6 51.7 39.1
Baby’s size   *** *** *** ***
 Very large 14.1 11.4 57.8 37.8 32.3
  > Average 26.8 9.3 57.8 36.5 33.5
 Average 43.3 8.1 54.6 34.9 31.8
  < Average 10.8 8.1 52.7 33.7 30.3
 Very small 5.0 9.8 50.4 35.6 28.2
Baby’s sex    **   
 Male 50.5 8.9 55.3 35.2 31.7
 Female 49.5 8.8 54.3 35.1 31.7
Baby’s age, years   *** *** *** ***
  < 1 21.2 12.2 57.8 50.1 9.0
 1 20.3 12.3 56.9 50.4 44.2
 2 19.4 10.0 56.2 38.6 43.3
 3 19.8 6.2 53.4 24.0 39.3
 4 19.3 4.3 52.5 17.2 36.6
  1. **p <0.01; *** p < 0.001