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Table 4 Characteristics of food consumed by elementary school children, broken down by whether they study at public or private schools. Maceió, Alagoas, Brazil, 2013

From: Prevalence of and factors associated with anemia in school children from Maceió, northeastern Brazil

Recommendation
Portions/Day
n (%) Type of school PR (CI95 %) p Anemia
Public n (%) Private n (%) Public school n (%) Private school n (%)
Coffee        
 0 portions/day 820 (54.1) 432 (46.5) 388 (66.1) <0.001* 36 (8.7) 26 (7.1)
 ≥1 portion/day 696 (45.9) 497 (53.3) 199 (33.9) 1.57 (1.38; 1.79) 60 (12.6) 13 (6.8)
       p = 0.06 p = 0.91
Meat, fish, poultry  
 ≥1 portion/day 1303 (86.9) 808 (87.2) 501 (86.4) 0.623 84 (10.9) 35 (7.3)
 0 portions/day 197 (13.1) 118 (12.7) 79 (13.6) 0.93 (0.71; 1.20) 12 (10.6) 4 (5.5)
       p = 0.94 p = 0.56
Fruit, Fruit Juices
 ≥ 3 portions/day 205 (13.6) 83 (9.0) 122 (21.1) <0.001* 4 (5.0) 4 (3.4)
 < 3 portions/day 1300 (86.4) 842 (91.0) 458 (78.9) 1.15 (1.10; 1.20) 92 (11.4) 35 (8.1)
       p = 0.07 p = 0.08
Vegetables  
 ≥ 3 portions/day 42 (2.8) 17 (1.8) 25 (4.3) 0.01* 2 (9.5) 1 (5.26)
 < 3 portions/day 1463 (97.2) 908 (98.2) 555 (95.69) 1.02 (1.00; 1.04) 94 (10.8) 38 (7.16)
       p = 0.84 p = 0.75
Beans
 ≥ 1 portion/day 963 (69.5) 616 (72.1) 347 (65.5) 0.009** 77 (12.0) 27 (7.5)
 0 portions/day 422 (30.5) 239 (27.9) 183 (34.5) 0.81 (0.69; 0.94) 19 (7.6) 12 (6.0)
       p = 0.05 p = 0.51
  1. *indicates statistical significance (p < 0.05); **indicates marginal statistical significance (p < 0.1)
  2. N.B. the sum of the total number varies because of data gaps