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Table 3 Comparing the prevalence of children’s problem behaviour with parental childhood abusea

From: Gender-specific linkages of parents’ childhood physical abuse and neglect with children’s problem behaviour: evidence from Japan

  Externalizing Internalizing
Prevalence (%) 95 % CI p value Prevalence (%) 95 % CI p value
Daughters (n = 865)
 Mother
  Abused (n = 64) 10.9    10.9   
  Not abused (n = 801) 5.2    3.9   
  Difference 5.7 (−0.2–11.6) 0.058 7.1 (1.9–12.3) 0.008
 Father
  Abused (n = 70) 7.1    7.1   
  Not abused (n = 795) 5.5    4.2   
  Difference 1.6 (−4.1–7.3) 0.577 3.0 (−2.0–8.0) 0.242
Sons (n = 885)
 Mother
  Abused (n = 68) 10.3    11.8   
  Not abused (n = 817) 4.8    5.8   
  Difference 5.5 (0.0–11.0) 0.049 6.0 (0.0–12.0) 0.049
 Father
  Abused (n = 68) 13.2    14.7   
  Not abused (n = 817) 4.5    5.5   
  Difference 8.7 (3.2–14.2) 0.002 9.2 (3.2–15.2) 0.003
  1. Note: aNot adjusted for other variables