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Table 2 Unadjusted and adjusted odds ratio (OR) of characteristics independently associated with current use of modern contraceptive among HIV-positive respondents receiving antiretroviral therapy (ART) at 18 public sector clinic in Lusaka, Zambia (n = 4691)

From: Contraceptive use among HIV-infected women and men receiving antiretroviral therapy in Lusaka, Zambia: a cross-sectional survey

  Women Men
  n = 3096 n = 1595
Predictors Unadjusted OR Adjusted ORa Unadjusted OR Adjusted ORa
  (95 % CI) (95 % CI) (95 % CI) (95 % CI)
Age (years)     
 15–24 ref ref ref ref
 25–34 1.85 (1.51–2.27)* 1.48 (1.16, 1.90)* 9.42 (3.84–23.14)* 1.67 (0.40–6.96)
 35–49 1.49 (1.18–1.86)* 1.57 (1.21–2.03)* 16.51 (6.99–38.98)* 2.70 (0.68–10.73)
  > 49    13.77 (5.63–33.67)* 2.22 (0.60–8.29)
Desire a child in the next year     
 Yes ref ref ref ref
 No/Don’t know 1.14 (0.87–1.49) 2.68 (2.10–3.43)* 1.62 (1.23–2.13)* 2.77 (1.76–4.37)*
HIV status disclosed to partner     
 No/don’t know/no partner ref ref ref ref
 Yes 11.81 (8.54–16.34)* 4.91 (3.32–7.24)* 10.60 (7.39–15.20)* 3.58 (2.39–5.38)*
Partner’s HIV status     
 Negative/Don’t know/No partner ref ref ref  
 Positive 4.14 (3.33–5.15)* 1.24 (0.99–1.55) 2.71 (1.99–3.69)*  
Sexually active in previous 6 months     
 No ref ref ref ref
 Yes 9.57 (7.58–12.06)* 5.80 (4.51–7.47)* 7.35 (5.27–10.26)* 6.24 (3.51–11.08)*
  1. Modern contraception includes condoms, oral contraceptive pills, injectables, sub-dermal implant, intrauterine device, and sterilization
  2. * P-value < 0.01
  3. aThe estimation method was backward-selection multivariable logistic model (cluster standard error) with removal probability being ≥ 0.2