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Table 5 Prevalence of problem behaviour by presence of risk factorsa

From: Internet use and electronic gaming by children and adolescents with emotional and behavioural problems in Australia – results from the second Child and Adolescent Survey of Mental Health and Wellbeing

Risk factors Proportion with risk factor Whether problem behaviour by presence of risk factor
   No   Yes  
  Per cent (95 % CI) N Per cent (95 % CI) N Per cent (95 % CI)
K10 score –
 Low 50.9 (49.0–52.8) 1430 98.5 (97.8–99.2) 23 1.5 (0.8–2.2)
 Moderate 29.1 (27.3–31.0) 836 96.6 (95.4–97.8) 33 3.4 (2.2–4.6)
 High 13.3 (12.0–14.7) 385 92.9 (90.2–95.6) 32 7.1 (4.4–9.8)
 Very high 6.6 (5.7–7.6) 189 81.8 (76.0–87.7) 39 18.2 (12.3–24.0)
Major depressive disorderb 7.6 (6.7–8.6) 92 3.1 (2.4–3.8) 35 13.0 (8.6–17.4)
Self–harmed 6.9 (5.9–7.8) 96 3.2 (2.5–3.9) 31 13.6 (8.7–18.5)
Attempted suicidec 2.1 (1.6–2.6) 110 3.4 (2.8–4.1) 17 26.5 (14.7–38.3)
Current alcohol user 13.0 (11.7–14.2) 71 4.0 (3.1–5.0) 42 7.8 (5.4–10.2)
Binged on alcohol 9.0 (8.0–10.0) 81 4.2 (3.3–5.1) 32 8.3 (5.5–11.2)
Current smoker 5.1 (4.3–6.0) 96 4.4 (3.5–5.3) 17 8.6 (4.5–12.8)
Ever used cannabis 11.6 (10.2–13.0) 80 4.0 (3.1–4.9) 33 10.1 (6.7–13.5)
Other drug userd 4.5 (3.6–5.4) 99 4.4 (3.5–5.3) 14 10.7 (5.0–16.5)
Ever had sex 14.9 (13.4–16.4) 80 4.3 (3.3–5.2) 33 7.3 (4.8–9.8)
Low self–esteeme 2.4 (1.9–3.0) 112 3.5 (2.8–4.2) 15 19.9 (10.1–29.6)
Used servicesf 18.0 (16.2–19.7) 71 3.6 (2.8–4.5) 42 9.6 (6.6–12.5)
Family functioning-Poor 4.1 (3.3–5.0) 119 93.3 (88.8–97.8) 10 6.7 (2.2–11.2)
 Very good 57.9 (55.8–60.0) 1620 96.7 (95.8–97.6) 60 3.3 (2.4–4.2)
  1. CI Confidence Interval
  2. aAge ranges for risk factors: 11–17 yrs – K10, major depressive disorder, self–esteem, family functioning; 12–17 yrs – self–harm, suicide attempt; 13–17 yrs – current alcohol user, binged on alcohol, current smoker, ever used cannabis, other drug user, ever had sex, used services
  3. bYouth–reported
  4. cIn previous 12 months
  5. dIncludes using prescription drugs for non–medical purposes; ecstasy; amphetamines and methamphetamines; cocaine; hallucinogens such as LSD; inhalants such as petrol, glue, aerosols, paint, solvents or nitrous; heroin; steroids; GHB or ketamine
  6. eAs measured by DISC IV and equating to a 50 % probability of having depression causing an impact on functioning in the previous 12 months
  7. fYouth–reported use of any service for emotional or behavioural problems in the past 12 months