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Table 3 Risk factors for domestic violence in Ghana

From: Determinants of domestic violence against women in Ghana

Risk factors OR (95 % CI) p-value
Place of residence
 Urban 1.35 (1.08–1.70) 0.0098
 Rural Reference  
Educational level-partner
 Higher 0.52 (0.34–0.80) 0.0032
 Secondary 0.96 (0.74–1.25) 0.8626
 Primary 1.04 (0.67–1.60) 0.7731
 No education Reference  
Husband drinks alcohol
 Yes 2.52 (2.04–3.12) <0.0001
 No Reference  
Respondents mother beat father
 Yes 3.04 (1.61–5.76) 0.0006
 No Reference  
Respondents father beat mother
 Yes 1.41 (1.02–1.96) 0.0401
 No Reference  
  1. OR’s were adjusted for age, total number of children, employment status, religion, wealth index, last intercourse and marital duration