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Table 2 Odds ratios of risk factors for domestic violence from univariate analysis

From: Determinants of domestic violence against women in Ghana

Variables OR (95 % CI) p-value
Age 1.00 (0.99–1.02) 0.4628
Total children born 1.04 (0.99–1.08) 0.0940a
Place of residence
 Urban 1.14 (0.93–1.40) 0.2176 a
 Rural Reference  
Educational level-respondent
 Tertiary 0.45 (0.22–0.90) 0.0252a
 Secondary 1.11 (0.87–1.41) 0.0739a
 Primary 1.29 (0.98–1.70) 0.3933
 No education Reference  
Educational level-partner
 Tertiary 0.55 (0.22–0.83) 0.0039a
 Secondary 1.00 (0.78–1.27) 0.7287
 Primary 1.08 (0.71–1.63) 0.9710
 No education Reference  
Respondent currently employed
 Yes 1.10 (0.79–1.53) 0.5726
 No Reference  
Partner currently employed
 Yes 1.56 (0.31–7.74) 0.5894
 No Reference  
Respondent drinks alcohol
 Yes 1.71 (1.34–2.17) <0.0001a
 No Reference  
Husband/partner drinks alcohol
 Yes 2.55 (2.07–3.15) <0.0001a
 No Reference  
Religion
 Muslim 1.18 (0.90–1.54) 0.2442a
 Traditional 0.96 (0.62–1.48) 0.8397
 No religion 0.92 (0.54–1.57) 0.7583
 Other 0.66 (0.07–6.36) 0.7170
 Christian Reference  
Respondents mother beat father
 Yes 4.05 (2.24–7.31) <0.0001a
 No Reference  
Respondents father beat mother
 Yes 1.92 (1.43–2.57) <0.0001a
 No Reference  
Wealth index
 Richest 0.90 (0.65–1.23) 0.5077
 Richer 1.10 (0.81–1.48) 0.8397
 Middle 0.94 (0.54–1.57) 0.7583
 Poorer 0.85 (0.63–1.16) 0.7170
 Poorest Reference  
Last intercourse
 4+ weeks 1.06 (0.85–1.32) 0.6011
 3 weeks 0.65 (0.37–1.34) 0.1285a
 2 weeks 1.13 (0.80–1.60) 0.4944
 1 week Reference  
Marital duration
 20 + years 1.17 (0.90–1.52) 0.2344a
 10–19 years 1.25 (0.99–1.58) 0.0626a
 0–9 years Reference  
  1. aentered into the multivariable logistic regression