Skip to main content

Table 4 Factors influencing the intention of mothers to recommend the Pap test to their daughters

From: The health beliefs of mothers about preventing cervical cancer and their intention to recommend the Pap test to their daughters: a cross-sectional survey

    Univariate regression analysis Adjusted regression analysis
Categories n (%) OR 95 % CI OR 95 % CI
Sociodemographic factors       
 Age 31–44 years 806 (51.8) 1 -   
  45–59 years 750 (48.2) 1.14 0.92–1.42   
 Education Middle or high school 892 (57.6) 1 - 1 -
  ≥College 656 (42.4) 1.37 1.10–1.71** 1.52 1.08–2.13*
 Employment status Housewife 684 (44.1) 1   1 -
  Part or full time 866 (55.9) 1.27 1.01–1.57* 1.17 0.84–1.63
 Monthly house income 1000–3500 729 (51.8) 1    
 (Korean won × 1,000) 3501–5000 677 (48.2) 1.10 0.93–1.29   
 Religion No 563 (35.8) 1 -   
  Yes 1010 (64.2) 1.17 0.94–1.47   
 Have talked about HPV with my daughter No 1051 (67.0) 1 - 1 -
Yes 518 (33.0) 2.01 1.57–2.58*** 1.06 0.64–1.75
 Have talked about the Pap test with my daughter No 1191 (76.3) 1 - 1 -
  Yes 369 (23.6) 2.98 2.19–4.05*** 2.11 1.23–3.64**
 My daughter has received the HPV vaccination No 1446 (92.8) 1 -   
  Yes 112 (7.2) 1.21 0.78–1.86   
 I have undergone the Pap test No 536 (35.2) 1 - 1 -
  Irregularly 712 (45.7) 2.55 1.82–3.57*** 2.03 0.78–7.50
  Regularly 297 (19.1) 2.04 1.43–2.89*** 1.98 1.30–3.03**
 Age at first the Pap test 12–32 years 388 (39.8) 1   1  
  33–55 years 586 (60.2) 0.60 0.46–0.79*** 0.60 0.43–0.82**
 I have been diagnosed with cervical cancer No 1442 (91.4) 1   1 -
  Yes 136 (8.6) 2.15 1.36–3.39** 1.90 0.99–3.66
 Family history of cervical cancer No 1058 (95.4) 1 -   
  Yes 73 (4.6) 1.19 0.71–2.02   
Health-beliefs variables
 Risks of cervical cancera High (7–14b) 758 (47.9) 1   1  
Low (15–26b) 781 (50.7) 1.40 1.12–1.74** 1.10 0.79–1.52
 Barriers to the Pap testa High (9–20b) 807 (54.5) 1   1  
  Low (21–28b) 674 (45.5) 1.35 1.01–1.69** 1.47 1.03–2.11*
 External pressure to undergo the Pap testa High (6–14b) 733 (47.5) 1    
  Low (15–24b) 810 (52.5) 1.11 0.89–1.38   
 Awareness of the Pap test Low (2–4b) 729 (47.1) 1   1  
  High (5–8b) 818 (52.9) 1.44 1.24–1.67** 1.11 0.78–1.58
 Benefits of the Pap test Low (3–5b) 571 (36.6) 1   1  
  High (6–12b) 990 (63.4) 2.73 2.13–3.51*** 2.25 1.55–3.25***
 Necessity of the Pap test Low (3–8b) 361 (22.9) 1   1  
  High (9–12b) 1213 (77.1) 1.33 1.14–1.56*** 1.50 0.96–2.35
  1. aScored in reverse; bRange of possible scores; OR odds ratio, CI confidence interval
  2. *, P < 0.05; **, p < 0.01; ***, p < 0.001