Skip to main content

Table 1 Demographic and clinical variables and loss-to-follow up in pre-ART care

From: Factors associated with pre-ART loss-to-follow up in adults in rural KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa: a prospective cohort study

   Number (% LTFU)a LTFU rate (per 100 p-y) Sub Hazard Ratiob(95 % CI) P value of relationship with LTFU
Age in years <27 55 (49.1) 24.24 1.00 0.07
27–31 51(41.2) 19.55 0.74 (0.42–1.31)
32–37 52 (44.2) 20.98 0.83 (0.48–1.43)
38–44 35 (25.7) 11.20 0.41(0.19–0.89)
>44 54 (25.9) 12.57 0.46 (0.23–0.89)
Age in years (binary) ≤37 158 (44.9) 21.62 1.00 0.01
>37 89 (25.8) 12.00 0.51 (0.32–0.83)
Age in years (continuous)   0.98 (0.96–1.00) 0.07
Sex Female 212 (37.3) 17.29 1.00 0.40
Male 35 (42.9) 23.72 1.27 (0.72–2.23)
Clinic 1 109 (37.6) 17.89 1.00 0.10
2 50 (48.0) 25.87 1.50(0.91–2.47)
3 88 (33.0) 14.63 0.84 (0.53–1.36)
Marital status Never married 199 (40.2) 19.13 1.00 0.20
Ever Married 48 (29.2) 13.72 0.69 (0.39–1.22)
Number of current relationshipsc 0 61 (32.8) 15.95 1.00 0.38
≥1 185 (39.5) 18.51 1.25 (0.76–2.06)
Religion None 19 (31.6) 16.58 1.00 0.42
Zionist 74 (45.9) 20.92 1.34 (0.55–3.27)
Shembe 48 (41.7) 22.77 1.39 (0.54–3.61)
Christian 90 (33.3) 15.64 0.99 (0.40–2.44)
Other 16 (25.0) 9.57 0.62 (0.17–2.25)
Religion importance Not at all 31 (32.3) 14.56 1.00 0.64
Somewhat 49 (36.7) 16.90 1.11 (0.52–2.41)
Very 167 (39.5) 19.13 1.32 (0.68–2.57)
Employment No 198 (37.9) 18.17 1.00 0.95
Yes 49 (38.8) 17.69 1.02 (0.61–1.70)
Government grant (self) No 67 (40.3) 20.26 1.00 0.59
Yes 180 (37.2) 17.32 0.88 (0.57–1.38)
Government grant (household) No 94 (34.0) 15.66 1.00 0.27
Yes 153 (40.5) 19.63 1.27 (0.83–1.94)
HIV diagnosis This month 31 (48.4) 24.32 1.00 0.23
< one year 80 (41.2) 20.18 0.81 (0.44–1.48)
1–2 years 61 (29.5) 12.91 0.52 (0.27–1.00)
3 + years 75 (37.3) 18.01 0.78 (0.42–1.46)
Highest educational leveld <1 year 18 (27.8) 12.28 1.00 0.07
Primary school 67 (29.9) 13.24 1.03 (0.39–2.72)
Secondary, not matric 85 (35.3) 16.82 1.32 (0.52–3.36)
Matric and higher 67 (47.8) 23.95 2.02 (0.80–5.14)
Number of children None 16 (31.3) 15.71 1.25 (0.46–3.38) 0.03
1 child 43 (53.5) 26.28 2.34 (1.32–4.14)
2 children 67 (44.8) 22.15 1.99 (1.13–3.50)
3 children 48 (33.3) 16.60 1.34 (0.69–2.60)
4+ children 73 (27.4) 11.84 1.00
CD4 count <560 62 (37.1) 19.38 1.00 0.69
560–631 61 (42.6) 21.88 1.19 (0.69–2.07)
632–768 62 (32.3) 14.13 0.86 (0.48–1.56)
≥769 61 (41.0) 17.74 1.15 (0.65–2.01)
Migration No migration in last 2 years 150 (34.7) 15.84 1.00 0.32
Migration in last 2 years 49 (42.9) 21.77 1.38 (0.82–2.28)
Missing data 48 (43.8) 22.01 1.36 (0.82–2.26)
Number of previous CD4 counts 0 95 (45.3) 22.43 1.00 0.03
1 79 (41.8) 20.11 0.89 (0.57–1.40)
2+ 73 (24.7) 10.95 0.49 (0.29–0.85)
  1. a n = 247 unless stated; bCompeting Risks Regression;c n = 246; d n = 237