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Table 1 Self-reported characteristics of participants in intervention communities who completed physical measurements at baseline (2006) and follow-up (2009)

From: Impact of a 3-year multi-centre community-based intervention on risk factors for chronic disease and obesity among free-living adults: the Healthy Alberta Communities study

Parameters Baseline n = 1554 Follow-up n = 1808
  mean ± SEM
Age, years 50.0 ± 0.4 54.0 ± 0.3
Age categories % (n)
18–39 years 27.9 (433) 18.1 (322)
20–39 years 27.5 (427) 18.1 (321)
40–59 years 42.7 (664) 44.9 (797)
60–79 years 27.2 (422) 33.5 (595)
   ≥ 80 years 2.3 (35) 3.4 (61)
Sex, female (%) 69.0(1073) 67.6 (1222)
Education, completed College/University 39.9 (619) 38.1 (687)
Employment status   
Employed full-time 42.1 (655) 39.8 (720)
Employed part-time 17.7 (275) 16.1 (291)
Homemaker 12.1 (188) 9.4 (170)
Retired 24.5 (380) 30.4 (549)
Student 3.8 (59) 1.8 (33)
Temporarily unemployed 4.5 (70) 5.1 (92)
Volunteer 7.7 (120) 5.2 (94)
Level of combined household income, above cut-off pointsa 84.8 (1223) 87.8 (1490)
Perceived health, excellent and very good 54.0 (838) 54.1 (978)
Sense of belonging to local community, strong 73.3 (1121) 77.1 (1380)
Fruit and vegetable intake, ≥ 5 servings/dayb 49.5 (751) 46.9 (824)
Physical activity index, activec 36.7 (570) 22.4 (405)
High blood pressure 18.0 (279) 21.5 (387)
Use antihypertensive medication 16.8 (261) 19.5 (352)
Smoking status, daily 24.0 (254) 20.4 (246)
  1. Data represent unweighted values
  2. aLow income cut-offs are defined by Statistics Canada as income thresholds below which families devote a larger share of income to purchasing food, shelter and clothing than average families. Low income cut-offs were calculated for each participant based on family size and community of residence [75]
  3. bOne serving of fruits and vegetables was defined as a medium fruit or half a cup of fresh, frozen or canned vegetables [76, 77]
  4. cActive was defined as a total average daily energy expenditure ≥ 3.0 kcal/kg/day [77]