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Table 5 Fish consumption and associations with metabolic syndrome. The Tromsø Study: Tromsø 6

From: Lean fish consumption is associated with lower risk of metabolic syndrome: a Norwegian cross sectional study

  Model B OR 95 % CI p
Fatty and lean fish      
Total 1 –0.087 0.92 0.83 to 1.02 0.1
Women 1 0.002 1.00 0.86 to 1.17 0.9
Men 1 –0.159 0.85 0.74 to 0.98 0.03
Total 2 –0.211 0.81 0.73 to 0.90 <0.0001
Women 2 –0.184 0.83 0.71 to 0.97 0.02
Men 2 –0.206 0.81 0.70 to 0.94 0.006
Total 3 –0.191 0.83 0.74 to 0.93 0.001
Women 3 –0.203 0.82 0.68 to 0.98 0.03
Men 3 –0.162 0.85 0.73 to 0.99 0.04
Fatty fish      
Total 1 –0.019 0.98 0.90 to 1.07 0.6
Women 1 0.049 1.05 0.93 to 1.18 0.4
Men 1 –0.056 0.95 0.84 to 1.06 0.3
Total 2 –0.063 0.94 0.86 to 1.02 0.1
Women 2 –0.030 0.97 0.86 to 1.10 0.6
Men 2 –0.072 0.93 0.83 to 1.05 0.2
Total 3 –0.028 0.97 0.89 to 1.07 0.6
Women 3 –0.020 0.98 0.85 to 1.13 0.8
Men 3 –0.013 0.99 0.87 to 1.12 0.8
Lean fish      
Total 1 –0.035 0.97 0.88 to 1.06 0.5
Women 1 0.060 1.06 0.93 to 1.22 0.4
Men 1 –0.125 0.88 0.78 to 1.00 0.06
Total 2 –0.137 0.87 0.79 to 0.96 0.005
Women 2 –0.088 0.92 0.80 to 1.05 0.2
Men 2 –0.162 0.85 0.74 to 0.97 0.02
Total 3 –0.156 0.86 0.77 to 0.95 0.004
Women 3 –0.165 0.85 0.72 to 0.99 0.04
Men 3 –0.134 0.88 0.76 to 1.01 0.07
  1. OR and p-value by Logistic regression (binary) with metabolic syndrome as dependent and frequency of fish consumption as independent (less than once a week = 0/once a week or more = 1). Model 1: Unadjusted. Model 2: Age adjusted, Model 3: Further adjusted for physical activity, cod liver oil, and parity and lactation in women. Metabolic syndrome criteria by the JIS definition: Waist circumference ≥94 cm in men and ≥80 cm in women, Triglycerides ≥150 mg/dL (1.7 mmol/L), HDL cholesterol <40 mg/dL (1.0 mmol/L) in men and <50 mg/dL (1.3 mmol/L) in women, Glucose ≥100 mg/dL (5.5 mmol/L), Systolic blood pressure ≥130 mmHg and Diastolic blood pressure ≥85 mmHg. Serum glucose measured in Tromsø 6 was non-fasting. Fish consumption (less than once a week/once a week or more). Numbers of participants vary because of missing information variables. The Tromsø Study: Tromsø 6