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Table 2 Type of health promotion activities, responsibility for OHS and challenges to implementation, by business size

From: The role of business size in assessing the uptake of health promoting workplace initiatives in Australia

  Overall Small Medium Large
  n % (95 % CI) n % (95 % CI) n % (95 % CI) n % (95 % CI)
Current health promotion activitiesa         
 Smoking cessation policy 106 51.0 (44.2–57.7) 11 26.8 (15.7–41.9)b 47 54.7 (44.2–64.7) 48 59.3 (48.4–69.3)
 Alcohol and substance misuse 116 55.8 (49.0–62.4) 13 31.7 (19.6–47.0)b 44 51.2 (40.8–61.4) 59 72.8 (62.3–81.3)b
 Healthy food policy 61 29.3 (23.6–35.8) 5 12.2 (5.3–25.5)b 32 37.2 (27.7–47.8)b 24 29.6 (20.8–40.3)
 Physical activity 64 30.8 (24.9–37.3) 2 4.9bc 27 31.4 (22.6–41.8) 35 43.2 (33.0–54.1)b
 Mental health and wellbeing 105 50.5 (43.7–57.2) 11 26.8 (15.7–41.9)b 50 58.1 (47.6–68.0) 44 54.3 (43.5–64.7)
 Other health promotion activities 34 16.3 (11.9–22.0) 8 9.3 (4.8–17.3)b 26 32.1 (22.9–42.9)b
 None/not stated 45 20.6 (15.8–26.5) 21 51.2 (36.5–65.7)b 11 12.6 (7.2–21.2)b 11 12.5 (7.1–21.0)b
Who has responsibility for staff health and wellbeinga         
 Business owner 66 31.6 (25.7–38.2) 15 36.6 (23.6–51.9) 29 33.3 (24.3–43.8) 22 27.2 (18.7–37.7)
 Managing director/CEO 153 72.9 (66.5–78.4) 22 53.7 (38.7–67.9)b 61 70.1 (59.8–78.7) 70 85.4 (76.1–91.4)b
 Occupational Health and Safety manager 123 58.6 (51.8–65.0) 12 29.3 (17.6–44.5)b 51 58.6 (48.1–68.4) 60 73.2 (62.7–81.6)b
 Human Resource Manager 104 49.5 (42.8–56.2) 10 24.4 (13.8–39.3)b 33 37.9 (28.5–48.4)b 61 74.4 (64.0–82.6)b
 The staff themselves 172 81.9 (76.1–86.5) 28 68.3 (53.0–80.4)b 70 80.5 (70.9–87.4) 74 90.2 (81.9–95.0)b
 No one in particular 1 0.5c 1 2.4c
Challenges to implementing health promoting strategies by business sizea         
 Funding 129 62.0 (55.3–68.3) 17 42.5 (28.5–57.8)b 55 64.0 (53.4–73.3) 57 69.5 (58.9–78.4)
 Time 162 77.9 (71.8–83.0) 31 77.5 (62.5–87.7) 68 78.2 (68.4–85.5) 63 77.8 (67.6–85.5)
 Facilities 71 34.3 (28.2–41.0) 13 32.5 (20.1–48.0) 31 36.0 (26.7–46.6) 27 33.3 (24.0–44.1)
 Lack of management/board support 25 12.1 (8.4–17.3) 9 22.5 (12.3–37.5) 8 9.3 (4.8–17.3) 8 10.0 (5.2–18.5)
 Not a workplace responsible 12 5.8 (3.4–9.9) 5 12.5 (5.5–26.1) 4 4.7c 3 3.8c
  1. CI confidence interval
  2. aMultiple response
  3. bStatistically significantly different to other categories combined - χ2 test, p < 0.05
  4. cInsufficient numbers for a statistical test