Skip to main content

Table 3 Odds Ratios (OR) with 95%-confidence interval (95%-CI) for associations of relevant variables with a strong sense of coherence (SOC)

From: Sense of coherence and associated factors among university students in China: cross-sectional evidence

Variables Categories Strong SOC- model 1a Strong SOC- model 2b
OR 95 %-CI OR 95 %-CI
Gender Male 1.08 0.87–1.36 1.05 0.81–1.37
Female (Ref.c)
Income sufficiency Sufficient 1.32 0.98–1.78 1.13 0.80–1.60
Insufficient (Ref.)
Only-child Yes 1.01 0.81–1.27 0.96 0.73–1.26
No (Ref.)
Subjective health Good 1.94** 1.30–2.89 1.72* 1.07–2.76
Poor (Ref.)
Health awareness High 1.52** 1.18–1.94 1.40* 1.05–1.87
Low (Ref.)
Nutrition importance Important 2.04** 1.34–3.08 1.67* 1.04–2.69
Unimportant (Ref.)
Weight satisfaction Satisfied     
Dissatisfied (Ref.) 1.02 0.82–1.28 0.93 0.71–1.21
Physical activity < 1 a week (Ref.)     
1–2 a week 1.32* 1.01–1.73 1.14 0.83–1.57
≥ 3 a week 1.61** 1.17–2.21 1.13 0.77–1.66
Performance compared with peers Better 2.23*** 1.66–3.01 1.64** 1.15–2.34
The same 1.97*** 1.48–2.62 1.62** 1.16–2.26
Worse (Ref.)     
Social support satisfaction Satisfied 3.20*** 2.44–4.21 2.56*** 1.87–3.50
Dissatisfied (Ref.)
Relation with parents Good 1.32 0.86–2.03 1.10 0.68–1.79
Poor (Ref.)
Relation with fellow students Good 1.72* 1.05–2.83 1.17 0.67–2.07
Poor (Ref.)
Relation with friends Good 1.17 0.69–2.03 1.04 0.56–1.91
Poor (Ref.)
Isolation at university No 2.54*** 1.76–3.69 1.60* 1.04–2.47
Yes (Ref.)
Political situation Satisfied 2.25*** 1.80–2.82 2.05*** 1.57–2.67
Dissatisfied (Ref.)
Age increase per year   0.99 0.94–1.05 0.85 0.89–1.02
PSS score increase per point   - - 0.81*** 0.79–0.83
  1. Model 1 included variables that were significantly associated with SOC in bivariable analysis (except PSS score); model 2 includes perceived stress scale score as an additional independent variable added to model 1
  2. aNagelkerke R square = 0.30 (df = 18, N = 1,639, p < 0.001)
  3. bNagelkerke R square = 0.53 (df =19, N = 1,587, p < 0.001)
  4. cReference category; Significance of Wald test: *p < 0.05; **p < 0.01; ***p < 0.001