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Table 2 Description of the sample - parental rules on eating and unhealthy eating habits for the total sample and stratified by gender and family affluence

From: Lack of parental rule-setting on eating is associated with a wide range of adolescent unhealthy eating behaviour both for boys and girls

  Total Boys Girls P value Low family affluence Higher family affluence P value
  N = 2765 (%) N = 1402 (%) N = 1363 (%)   N = 134 (%) N = 2571 (%)  
Parental rules        
 No eating-related parental rules 524 (20.5) 212 (16.7) 312 (24.2) 0.000 38 (29.9) 484 (20.1) 0.008
 Breakfast not mandatory 1324 (51.1) 601 (46.7) 723 (55.5) 0.000 81 (62.8) 1230 (50.5) 0.006
 Meal in front of TV allowed 1420 (54.6) 698 (54.2) 722 (55.0) 0.652 77 (60.2) 1335 (54.5) 0.213
 No rules about sweets and soft drinks 1421 (54.3) 723 (55.5) 698 (53.2) 0.232 79 (60.8) 1336 (54.3) 0.148
Eating behaviours        
 Skip breakfast weekend 489 (18.0) 240 (17.5) 249 (18.4) 0.541 36 (27.5) 440 (17.4) 0.003
 Skip breakfast weekday 1511 (55.4) 711 (51.6) 800 (59.4) 0.000 89 (66.9) 1393 (54.9) 0.006
 Low fruit consumption 1894 (69.6) 1022 (74.5) 872 (64.6) 0.000 98 (74.2) 1759 (69.4) 0.237
 Low vegetables consumption 2042 (75.8) 1100 (80.6) 942 (70.8) 0.000 102 (77.9) 1892 (75.4) 0.529
 High sweets consumption 973 (36.2) 445 (32.9) 528 (39.6) 0.000 50 (38.8) 905 (36.1) 0.546
 High soft drinks consumption 697 (25.6) 381 (27.6) 316 (23.5) 0.014 32 (24.4) 649 (25.6) 0.760
 High energy drinks consumption 604 (22.2) 395 (28.8) 209 (15.5) 0.000 25 (18.9) 560 (22.1) 0.395
  1. Missing values N(%): No eating-related parental rules 207 (7.5 %), Breakfast not mandatory 175 (6.3 %), Meal in front of TV allowed 164 (5.9 %), No rules about sweets and soft drinks 149 (5.4 %), Skip breakfast weekend 47 (1.7 %), Skip breakfast weekday 39 (1.4 %), Low fruit consumption 45 (1.6 %), Low vegetables consumption 71 (2.6 %), Sweets every day 79 (2.9 %), Soft drinks every day 45 (1.6 %), Energy drinks regularly 44 (1.6 %). Low family affluence 60 (2.2 %)