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Table 1 Foundation diets: recommended numbers of serves per week to comprise the healthy diet baskets

From: Testing the price and affordability of healthy and current (unhealthy) diets and the potential impacts of policy change in Australia

  Omnivore Foundation Diets (modelled serves per week)
Starchy veges Green & brassica veges Orange veges Legumes Nuts & seeds Other veges Fruit Wholegrain or higher fibre cereals/grains Refined or lower fibre cereals/grains Meats & alts (minus red) Red meats Diary foods 50 % reduced fat Poly-unsaturated margarinea
Household structure Members 75 g 75 g 75 g 75 g 30 g 75 g 150 g Equiv 40 g bread Equiv 40 g bread Equiv 65 g meats 65 g Equiv 250g milk 10 g
1 Female 70+ yrs 5 7 7 3 3 14 14 20 8 7 3 28 14
Male 31–50 year 7 7 7 7 7 14 14 28 14 7 7 17 28
Female 31–50 year 5 7 7 2 2 14 14 28 14 7 7 17 14
Male 14 years 7 7 7 2 4 14 14 32 17 7 7 25 14
Female 8 years 3.5 7 7 2 0 10.5 10.5 19 9 5.5 5 11.5 5
Male 4 years 3.5 7 7 2 0 10.5 10.5 19 9 5.5 5 14 5
TOTAL 31 42 42 18 16 77 77 146 71 39 34 112.5 80
2 Female 31–50 year 5 7 7 2 2 14 14 28 14 7 7 17 14
Male 14 years 7 7 7 2 4 14 14 32 17 7 7 25 14
Female 8 years 3.5 7 7 2 0 10.5 10.5 19 9 5.55 5 11.5 5
TOTAL 15.5 21 21 6 6 38.5 38.5 79 40 19.5 19 53.5 33
3 Male 31–50 year 7 7 7 7 7 14 14 28 14 7 7 17 28
TOTAL 7 7 7 7 7 14 14 28 14 7 7 17 28
4 Female 70 + yrs 5 7 7 3 3 14 14 20 8 7 3 28 14
Male 70 + yrs 7 7 7 2 4 14 14 28 14 7 7 17 28
TOTAL 12 14 14 5 7 28 28 48 22 14 10 45 42
5 Male 31–50 year 7 7 7 7 7 14 14 28 14 7 7 17 28
Female 31–50 year 5 7 7 2 2 14 14 28 14 7 7 17 14
Male 14 years 7 7 7 2 4 14 14 32 17 7 7 25 14
Female 8 years 3.5 7 7 2 0 10.5 10.5 19 9 5.5 5 11.5 5
TOTAL 22.5 28 28 13 13 52.5 52.5 107 54 26.5 26 70.5 61
  1. Each household allocated 100 g polyunstructured oil and the rest of the allowance provided as polyunstructured margarine
  2. Serve sizes as specefied in the Australian Dietary Guidelines Educators’Guide at https://www.eatforhealth.gov.au/sites/default/files/files/the_guidelines/n55b_educator_guide_140321.pdf