Skip to main content

Table 3 Factors associated with mobility limitationa,b

From: The ethnic gap in mobility: a comparison of Russian, Somali and Kurdish origin migrants and the general Finnish population

  OR (95 % CI)
Age, years 1.09 (1.07–1.10)
Marital status  
 Married or cohabiting 1.00
 Otherc 1.38 (0.99–1.91)
Education*  
 Secondary school or less Russian: 1.24 (0.55–2.78)
Somali: 6.56 (2.34–18.36)
Kurdish: 1.58 (1.01–2.47)
Finnish: 2.55 (1.55–4.20)
 High school 1.00
Employment status  
 Working 1.00
 Unemployed 1.83 (1.26–2.66)
 Economically inactived 2.14 (1.53–2.98)
Economic situation*  
 At least moderate 1.00
 At least quite difficult Russian: 1.49 (0.73–3.04)
Somali: 0.87 (0.52–1.80)
Kurdish: 1.41 (0.89–2.23)
Finnish: 4.66 (2.58–8.42)
BMIe  
  < 30 kg/m2 1.00
  ≥ 30 kg/m2 2.74 (2.05–3.67)
Selected chronic conditionsf  
 No chronic conditions 1.00
 At least one condition 2.37 (1.79–3.15)
Permanent injury  
 No injuries 1.00
 At least one injury 2.67 (1.78–4.00)
Time lived in Finlandg, years  
  < 6 1.24 (0.75–2.06)
 6–14 0.90 (0.62–1.30)
  > 14 1.00
Language proficiencyg  
 Good or fair 1.00
 Poor or not at all 1.30 (0.84–2.02)
  1. OR = odds ratio
  2. Bolded ORs represent statistically significant associations
  3. 95 % CI = 95 % confidence interval
  4. *The first degree interactions (determinant*migrant group) were statistically significant for the variables education (p-value 0.049) and economic situation (p-value 0.006)
  5. aAll models are adjusted for age and gender, odds ratio derived from logistic regression models including each background variable separately
  6. bMobility limitation defined as self-reported difficulties in walking 500 m or stair climbing
  7. cIncludes single, divorced or separated, and widowed persons
  8. dIncludes e.g., students, housewives and pensioners
  9. eBody mass index (kg/m2)
  10. fSelected chronic conditions include the following self-reported diseases ever diagnosed by a physician: coronary heart disease, high blood pressure, diabetes, asthma, chronic bronchitis, knee osteoarthritis, hip osteoarthritis
  11. gFinnish reference group not included in the analysis