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Table 2 Pre-injury health, quality of life and crash-related characteristics by crash type in the inception cohort

From: Describing and comparing the characteristics of injured bicyclists and other injured road users: a prospective cohort study

Characteristic Bicyclist (N = 238) Car driver passenger (N = 234) Motorbike driver or passenger (N = 193) Pedestrian/skateboard (N = 83)a P value
EQ5D VAS 86.9 (9.7) 83.9 (12.1) 86.1 (12.4) 85.6 (10.8) 0.03
EQ5D summary score 0.95 (0.10) 0.91 (0.14) 0.95 (0.09) 0.93 (0.13) 0.0001
BMI (from self-reported height and weight) 24.8 (3.8) 26.3 (6.0) 26.5 (4.1) 25.1 (5.7) 0.001
Self-reported health      <0.0001
 Excellent 113 (47.5) 69 (29.5) 72 (37.3) 38 (45.8)  
 Very good 90 (37.8) 91 (38.9) 79 (40.9) 21 (25.3)  
 Good 31 (13.0) 51 (21.8) 35 (18.1) 16 (19.3)  
 Fair 4 (1.7) 19 (8.1) 4 (2.1) 8 (9.6)  
 Poor 0 (-) 4 (1.7) 3 (1.6) 0 (-)  
Current smoker      0.001
 Yes 23 (9.7) 46 (19.7) 34 (17.6) 22 (26.5)  
 No 215 (90.3) 188 (80.3) 159 (82.4) 61 (73.5)  
Alcohol intake – Audit c score      <0.0001
 Zero 17 (7.1) 61 (26.1) 31 (16.1) 6 (7.2)  
 1–3 78 (32.8) 88 (37.6) 60 (31.1) 25 (30.1)  
 4–7 126 (52.9) 73 (31.2) 88 (45.6) 39 (47.0)  
 8–12 17 (7.1) 12 (5.1) 14 (7.3) 13 (15.7)  
Any listed medical conditions on self-report      <0.0001
 Yes 100 (42.0) 152 (65.2) 81 (42.0) 44 (53.0)  
 No 138 (58.0) 81 (34.8) 112 (58.0) 39 (47.0)  
Obesity on self-report      0.03
 Yes 7 (2.9) 21 (9.0) 9 (4.7) 5 (6.0)  
 No 231 (97.1) 212 (91.0) 184 (95.3) 78 (94.0)  
Crash-related characteristics      
Perceived danger of death      <0.0001
 Great or overwhelming 23 (10.0) 82 (35.7) 36 (19.0) 14 (17.1)  
 Moderate 31 (13.4) 32 (13.9) 35 (18.4) 16 (19.5)  
 Small or none 177 (76.6) 116 (50.4) 119 (62.6) 52 (63.4)  
Perceived danger of disability      <0.0001
 Great or overwhelming 19 (10.9) 56 (29.3) 40 (25.6) 12 (20.3)  
 Moderate 31 (17.7) 47 (24.6) 37 (23.7) 11 (18.6)  
 Small or none 125 (71.4) 88 (46.1) 79 (50.6) 36 (61.0)  
Perceived danger of either death or disability      <0.0001
 Great or overwhelming 26 (15.0) 79 (41.4) 52 (33.3) 14 (23.7)  
 Moderate 34 (19.7) 41 (21.5) 36 (23.1) 13 (22.0)  
 Small or none 113 (65.3) 71 (37.2) 68 (43.6) 32 (54.2)  
  1. Data are presented as n (%) or mean (SD)
  2. aIncludes 68 pedestrians and 15 skateboard riders