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Table 2 Bivariate and Chi-Square analyses of access to mass media messages, and use of family planning

From: Access to mass media messages, and use of family planning in Nigeria: a spatio-demographic analysis from the 2013 DHS

Spatio-demographic Radio TV N P FP
characteristics yes % sig. yes % sig. yes % sig. yes % sig.
Age group             
15–19 1,911 24.20 0.000 1,088 13.79 0.000 352 4.47 0.000 539 6.82 0.000
20–24 2,167 32.31   1,324 19.74   508 7.59   1,192 17.75  
25–29 2,538 36.09   1,635 23.26   585 8.83   1,260 17.91  
30–34 1,992 37.12   1,280 23.86   466 8.70   1,033 19.23  
35–39 1,734 36.89   1,060 22.58   365 7.78   976 20.76  
40–44 1,270 34.69   812 22.19   286 7.82   776 21.18  
45–49 1,146 32.25   671 18.90   205 5.77   449 12.63  
Education             
No education 1,846 13.45 0.000 331 2.41 0.000 32 0.23 0.000 400 2.91 0.000
Primary 2,214 31.17   1,120 15.78   194 2.74   1,210 17.03  
Secondary 6,204 43.10   4,246 29.51   1,334 9.29   3,257 22.61  
Higher 2,494 67.55   2,173 58.87   1.207 32.75   1,358 36.73  
Marital Status             
Never married 8,209 31.11 0.000 4,714 17.88 0.000 1,507 5.72 0.000 3,854 14.6 0.000
Married 395 45.45   292 33.56   77 8.87   249 28.59  
Living with Partner 347 34.94   202 20.36   68 6.87   96 9.67  
Divorced/sep 162 37.76   106 24.71   42 9.84   97 22.61  
Widowed 120 27.78   49 11.34   21 4.86   35 8.10  
Religion             
Traditionalist 31 8.81 0.000 20 5.68 0.000 5 1.42 0.000 24 6.82 0.000
Christianity 8,169 41.21   6,047 30.52   2,276 11.50   5,004 25.22  
Islam 4,505 24.27   1,776 9.57   473 2.55   1,174 6.32  
Employment status             
Not working 12,379 33.34 0.000 7,649 20.61 0.000 2.671 7.21 0.000 6,039 16.26 0.000
Working 209 19.24   135 12.44   47 4.33   86 7.92  
Region             
North Central 1,871 29.96 0.000 1,205 19.30 0.000 512 8.21 0.000 1,019 16.30 0.000
North East 968 14.62   469 7.09   165 2.50   256 3.86  
North West 2,082 21.54   370 3.83   151 1.56   334 3.45  
South East 1,725 38.69   1,042 23.38   511 11.47   1,168 26.18  
South South 2,375 39.22   1,886 31.19   737 12.22   1,590 26.25  
South West 3,737 63.66   2,898 49.37   691 11.78   1,858 31.63  
Residence             
Urban 7,600 48.93 0.000 5,526 35.59 0.000 2.037 13.14 0.000 3,704 23.83 0.000
Rural 5,158 22.06   2,344 10.03   730 3.13   2,521 10.77  
Wealth Index             
Lowest 547 8.29 0.000 41 0.62 0.000 14 0.21 0.000 121 1.83 0.000
Second 1,176 15.65   212 2.83   63 0.84   456 6.07  
Middle 2,284 28.58   984 12.32   307 3.85   1,166 14.57  
Fourth 3,910 46.29   2,517 29.81   705 8.36   1,883 22.28  
Highest 4,841 57.84   4,116 49.19   1.678 20.10   2,599 31.01  
  1. FP Use of family planning
  2. TV Television messages on family planning
  3. Radio Radio messages on family planning
  4. NP Newspaper messages on family planning
  5. Sig Chi Square significance level