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Table 1 Descriptive statistics for full sample and by race/poverty subgroups

From: Cross-sectional relations of race and poverty status to cardiovascular risk factors in the Healthy Aging in Neighborhoods of Diversity across the Lifespan (HANDLS) study

Variable Full Sample (n = 2,270) AA Poverty (n = 590) AA Non-Poverty (n = 711) White Poverty (n = 298) White Non - Poverty (n = 671)
Age (years) 47.6 (9.3) 46.4 (9.1) 48.4 (9.3) 47.2 (9.5) 48.1 (9.4)
Female (%) 56.5 58.0 55.3 62.4 54.0
African-American (%) 57.3     
Below Poverty Line (%) 39.1     
Education (years) 12.5 (3.1) 11.7 (2.3) 12.9 (2.7) 11.4 (3.1) 13.4 (3.6)
WRAT-III Read score 42.3 (8.1) 39.4 (8.2) 41.4 (7.1) 41.8 (8.4) 45.9 (7.4)
CES-D score 14.6 (11.2) 16.4 (11.4) 12.6 (10.2) 17.8 (11.8) 13.6 (11.2)
Cigarette Use (%) 45.0 56.1 39.1 56.4 36.5
Alcohol Use (%) 54.9 52.2 55.0 50 59.2
Marijuana Use (%) 12.6 16.1 14.2 9.7 9.2
Cocaine Use (%) 5.3 8.6 4.4 7.1 2.7
Heroin Use (%) 3.2 5.4 2.7 4.2 1.2
CVD Cluster (%) 4.0 4.2 3.5 5.0 3.7
MIA Cluster (%) 23.1 22.5 22.2 27.5 22.5
Antihypertensives (%) 31.0 31.4 35.3 25.8 28.3
Antilipidemics (%) 16.0 11.7 15.1 16.8 20.6
Diabetes Medications (%) 9.3 8.5 10.8 10.1 8.2
Systolic BP (mmHg) 120.5 (17.4) 122.3 (17.9) 121.9 (16.3) 118.5 (19.1) 118.5 (17.0)
Diastolic BP (mmHg) 72.9 (10.6) 73.6 (11.2) 73.2 (10.4) 72.8 (11.2) 72.0 (10.2)
Pulse Pressure (mmHg) 47.6 (12.6) 48.6 (13.0) 48.7 (12.4) 45.7 (12.8) 46.4 (12.2)
Body Mass Index (kg/m2) 30.1 (7.7) 29.2 (8.1) 30.7 (7.4) 30.7 (8.6) 29.90 (7.3)
Waist Circumference (cm) 100.0 (17.5) 95.4 (17.7) 100.9 (16.1) 103.3 (19.0) 101.60 (17.3)
Total Cholesterol (mg/dl) 187.3 (41.9) 182.1 (40.2) 186.3 (42.3) 188.8 (43.5) 192.2 (41.6)
HDL-Cholesterol (mg/dl) 53.0 (17.0) 57.1 (19.8) 54.7 (16.8) 47.3 (13.6) 50.20 (14.6)
LDL-Cholesterol (mg/dl) 109.6 (35.3) 104.7 (35.9) 109.9 (35.0) 110.0 (34.7) 113.20 (34.75)
Triglycerides (mg/dl) 127.2 (125.3) 102.0 (55.8) 109.6 (83.7) 172.3 (244.5) 147.90 (119.7)
Glycated Hemoglobin (%) 6.0 (1.3) 6.1 (1.4) 6.1 (1.2) 5.9 (1.2) 5.80 (1.1)
C-Reactive Protein (mg/l) 4.8 (9.6) 5.7 (14.9) 4.6 (7.3) 4.8 (5.8) 4.30 (7.3)
  1. Means and standard deviations unless otherwise stated. AA = African American; WRAT = Wide Range Achievement Test; CES-D = Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale; CVD = self-reported cardiovascular disease; MIA = self-reported metabolic/inflammatory/autoimmune disease; BP = blood pressure; HDL = high density lipoprotein; LDL = low density lipoprotein