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Table 2 Summary of the annual percent changes (APCs) and join points (JPs) for trends in age standardised and age specific suicide rates by sex in England and Wales (2000–2013 ONS data and 2000–2014 RSSB data)

From: Railway suicide in England and Wales 2000–2013: a time-trends analysis

  Segment 1   Segment 2   Segment 3
  APC (95 % CI) JP 1 (95 % CI) APC (95 % CI) JP 2 (95 % CI) APC (95 % CI)
ONS Data
All suicides (1 join points for all persons and males; and no join point for females) a
 All persons −2.6 (−3.6,-1.5) 2007 (2006,2010) 1.6 (0.2,3.0)   
 Male −2.5 (−3.7,-1.4) 2007 (2005,2011) 2.3 (0.8,3.8)   
 Female −3.0 (−4.6,-1.4) 2007 (2002,2011) −0.8 (−3.0,1.4)   
Rail suicides (No join points)
 All persons 1.2 (−0.3,2.8) 2011 (2002,2011) 4.4 (−15.3,28.7)   
 Male 1.0 (−1.0,3.0) 2011 (2002,2011) 9.8 (−15.8,43.2)   
 Female 3.3 (0.4,6.2) 2010 (2008,2011) −14,2 (−29.2,4.0)   
Male All suicides by age group (1 join point for two youngest age groups and no join points for older men) a
 <35 −6.2 (−7.9,-4.5) 2006 (2005,2008) −0.4 (−2.0,1.1)   
 35-64 −0.8 (−1.9,0.3) 2007 (2005,2011) 3.0 (1.7,4.4)   
 65 plus −2.9 (−4.4,-1.4) 2009 (2002,2011) 1.6 (−3.5,7.0)   
RSSB Data
Rail suicides (No join point for all persons and females; and 2 join points for males) a
 All persons 4.8 (2.0,7.6) 2006 (2002,2009) −2.4 (−16.0,13.3) 2009 (2005,2012) 4.4 (1.2,7.6)
 Male 5.4 (3.3,7.5) 2006 (2004,2007) −3.4 (−13.4,7.7) 2009 (2008,2012) 6.3 (3.9,8.7)
 Female −2.8 (−8.5,3.4) 2003 (2002,2009) 13.0 (−38.3,106.7) 2006 (2005,2012) −2.8 (−8.5,3.4)
Male Rail suicides by age group (No join points) a
 <35 1.7 (−8.9,13.6) 2005 (2002,2009) −4.2 (−27.0,25.6) 2009 (2005,2012) 4.6 (−5.7,16.0)
 35-64 16.0 (−22.1,72.7) 2002 (2002, 2009) 3.6 (0.6,6.7) 2012 (2005,2012) −0.7 (−24.7,31.0)
 65 plus 9.7 (−9.3,32.8) 2006 (2002,2009) −7.0 (−47.2,63.8) 2010 (2005,2012) 12.7 (−12.3,44.8)
  1. a The best fit join point model is described in italics